The multidisciplinary team is the integrated approach to provide the best possible care to the patients. It involves the collaboration of patient management with the response to different areas. The treatment is provided with a large number of options in the collaborative process of professionals and caretakers of the patient. In this essay, the three interviewees would be taken that have been provided care from the professionals. The paper will provide us with the idea of the involvement of professionals and patient-centered care in the organization.
The interdisciplinary team refers to the involvement of team members like doctors, nurses, dieticians, psychologists, physiotherapists, and pharmacists to provide support and care in terms of psychosocial and psychological manner. The doctors are the healthcare professionals who apply the procedures and principles of preventing, diagnosing, and taking care of patients. They contribute to maintaining physical and mental health. Also, they collaborate with health care team members in care planning and implementation and do medical research. They include the ability to work in a team, effective communication skills, equity, empathy, and non-judgemental behavior. Nursing professionals are the ones who perform their tasks with care and advocacy (Rosen et al., 2018). They record the medical history of patients and symptoms, operate medical equipment, perform diagnostic tests, monitor and record vitals of the patient, educate the patient about illness and administer drugs and medications according to the treatment plan.
Dieticians are the healthcare providers that assist in providing advice on healthy eating and wellbeing. They work closely with doctors and nursing professionals. They help in managing patients with diabetes, heart disease, cancer, food allergies, and overweight. These three people perform their tasks by having effective communication and providing access to therapeutic options irrespective of the rural or urban area. They provide care by complying with the national standards. They assist in taking the appropriate decisions based on adequate information. They involve the patients in taking actions and management decisions to receive appropriate and timely information from healthcare professionals. All these professionals ensure that patient care is provided with privacy and confidentiality to meet the proper needs of the patient (Piccione & Boesch, 2018).
The doctor is the healthcare professional that provides the care to a patient with trust and maintaining a therapeutic relationship with the patient. They assess the needs of the patient according to their health status and consider their social and personal circumstances. They apply their knowledge and skills by synthesizing the information from available sources to know what steps are to be taken to achieve the best outcome (Patterson et al., 2018). As interviewee 1 was suffering from diabetes, interviewee 2 from heart disease and interviewee 3 from obesity, so doctor followed keen listening strategy with the respective patients. This helped the doctor in understanding the condition of the patient and know what steps could be taken by him to secure the condition. This is an effective strategy and helped the doctor to identify and advise appropriate treatment options and preventive measures that have to be followed by patients (Ndoro, 2015).
The doctor listens to the patient's condition very keenly and provided them with the explanation and discussion of benefits, risks, and uncertainties in treatments and tests so that the patient could make their own decisions about care. He/she provides support and education to the other professionals in providing evidence-based practice. They are highly capable of managing and assessing risks to understand the demand patterns. Along with the healthcare team professionals, they work effectively and recognize the risks and attributes of other professionals in responding to particular conditions and interventions in providing healthy life along with supportive care (Guideline Committee of the Korean Gastric Cancer Association, 2019).
The nurse is a member of the interdisciplinary team in health care that provides the appropriate patient care by having collaboration with other members. The three interviewees were handled by the nurse by providing care to the patient in managing physical needs, preventing the illness, and treating health conditions. They observe and provide treatment to the patient by recording vital information in decision-making (Frich & Spehar, 2018). In the treatment process of three respective patients, the nurse followed to be prepared and sit down and follow the strategy. The strategy followed was effective as the patient and nurse discussed all the issues and needs from healthcare professionals. The nurse followed the progress of the patient and act accordingly with the best interests of the patient (Cetto et al., 2017). This way, the nurse provided the care beyond the administration of drugs and other medical therapies.
They provide the care with a holistic approach encompassing the cultural, developmental, spiritual, and psychological needs of the individual. The nurse advocated the patient with their best interests by maintaining dignity and respect for the patient in treatment and care. This is considered a very important step to comprehend the medical situation and present it with the best possible interests at all times. Hence, like other professionals, nursing professionals take charge of making effective decisions and communicating information regarding patient health effectively (Buggy & Moore, 2017). The nurses are trained professionals but have less knowledge than doctors. So, they must work in a team to promote the best patient outcomes daily.
A dietician is a professional who works in a collaboration with doctors to recommend the patient with a suitable diet. He/ she work in many fields like patient care, maintaining patient privacy and confidentiality, community and public health, food industry, sports nutrition and research, and training (Black et al., 2015). As the interview conducted and responses of the patients state that dietician of the organization followed by a prepared strategy. In this, the dietician asked the patients to follow the good eating behavior and educated them. He ensured and provided the patient with a diet chart to meet the nutritional needs as the patients were diabetic heart complications and obesity. He advised the patient to improve their eating habits for the well being of society and oneself (Soukup et al., 2018). The improvement in the nutritional quality of foods, nutrition education help then in getting the importance of a healthy diet and prevention from several diseases. He provided diet counseling, group dietary therapy, and medical nutrition therapy. The care is said to be effective as the patients received the care up to the mark and get their problems solved on general health, exercise habits, change of diet plan, and lifestyle. He said the patients to track their progress and go for follow-up appointments to support their eating plan. The dietician provided the best possible care with their knowledge and skills to make good food choices to retain their health (Atwal & Caldwell, 2016).
Hence, the multidisciplinary approach is very effective in providing care to patients with innovative ideas and explicit support of members. This will help in improving the status of mortality and morbidity by taking therapeutic decisions. The three respective patients withy the disease condition of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity is valued with multidisciplinary projects and services in healthcare organizations. The closer collaboration between the members affects patient care and improvement in patient outcomes. Several barriers are reduced with the adoption of a multidisciplinary approach with the sense of sharing responsibility.
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