The fitness places and gyms are usually equipped with powerful speakers. These powerful speakers generate lot of noise during workout sessions. Many researches have concerned on this matter that the place where people listen to loud music which is harmful for them and sometime result in hearing loss. Although there are mix cases where one can found it to be motivating and other as stressful. In this review there will be discussion on the finding of the authors Beach and Nie in their quantitative methodology from evidences in 1997-1998 and 2009-2011 (Nie and Beach 2016).
The origins of integration of fitness exercises with music was first can be seen in aerobic exercises. The aerobic exercises were introduced by the USA army to combine dance culture with fitness. During 1980s, aerobic exercise became popular in America, England and Australia, with people started putting music with their exercises. The authors mention that the average noise generated by the gyms was approximately 86 decibels (dB). Many other significant authors carried out some survey in gyms and found out the noise levels were going above and around 90.5 (dB). The authors also mentioned that of this continue there will be higher chances of hearing loss and deterioration in health. The gyms and fitness industry needs to change its approach towards music selections in their arenas (Sinha et al. 2017).
The authors Beach and Nie considered to evaluate the noise exposures in commercial gyms between early 1997 and late 1998 and 2009-20011, with every aspect of music, fitness and entertainment. The research and experimentation done by the authors is a quantitative approach. The process involved in the experimentation is an advantage for analyzing the noise levels as the authors completely took in consideration of audiometric factors in the places. The drawback that generally arise in these conditions are the consideration of the frequency of the music (Keren et al. 2016).
This research was intended to found out whether the music was tense or encouraging. The authors considered 2 huge commercial gym arenas with viable permission to conduct experiment in the gyms. The research tested out different setups in gym where it ranges from positioning the speakers at different place, changing the acoustics and audio system of the environment from sessions after sessions and gym too. A total of 60 sessions were commenced in which 3 sessions were excluded because of equipment failure. The authors categorized the sessions on the basis of the intensity of the exercises. The sessions with strength training were use of heavy lifting took place was termed as low intensity. The high intensity sessions were considered to those which have fast paced movements like, aerobics, cardio and circuit (Estes et al. 2020).
This time authors considered 8 fitness arenas in their research. In these 8 gyms the 7 were branches of the main gym of huge fitness organization. During this phase 43 sessions were taken with same setup that was built in 1997-1998 analyses. In 2009-2011 the author encountered that there were little to no prominence of aerobic and circuit exercises (Buxton et al. 2017).
The authors framed 2 questions in 1997-1998 in which one was for the trainer and one was for the users. In 2009-2011 the themes of the question remained same, but this time the questions provided to the trainers were in online format and 35 questions in total. The user’s questions were similar to those of the trainer which consisted 19 questions in total divided in 3 phases (Portela et al. 2019).
The study concluded by the authors after examining the trainer and the user resulted that the risk of hearing damage was high in case of high intensity (aerobic and circuit exercises) to the instructor. The average range that was recorded in the high intensity exercise were 95 (dB). However, it was interesting to notice that the trainers preferred high noise levels in high intensity sessions. The author mentioned that the trainers and users need to be aware of the facts of hearing damage by high noise levels. The health risk increases from loud music and the fitness industry need to reevaluate their music preference.
Buxton, R. T. McKenna, M.F. Mennitt, D. Fristrup, K. Crooks, K. Angeloni, L. and Wittemyer, G. 2017. Noise pollution is pervasive in US protected areas. Science, 356(6337), pp. 531-533.
Estes, C. Sadoughi, B., Coleman, R. D'Angelo, D. and Sulica, L. 2020. Phonotraumatic injury in fitness instructors: risk factors, diagnoses, and treatment methods. Journal of Voice, 34(2), pp. 272-279.
Keren, L. et al. 2016. Massively parallel interrogation of the effects of gene expression levels on fitness. Cell, 166(5), pp. 1282-1294.
Nie, V. and Beach, E. 2016. Fitness instructors and noise exposure: spreading the hearing health message. Acoustics Australia, 44(1), pp. 87-93.
Portela, B. S. Constantini, A. Tartaruga, M. P. and Zannin, P. H. T. 2019. Sound pressure level in the workplace: the case of physical education teachers. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 19(2), pp. 1153-1157.
Sinha, S. et al. 2017. Cycling exercise classes may be bad for your (hearing) health. The Laryngoscope, 127(8), pp. 1873-1877.
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