What is the impact of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral functions in dementia patients?
The best paradigm and the specific design that is most appropriate to answer this question is:
For this question, a qualitative study is conducted with an inductive research approach. Interpretivism is the most suitable paradigm because the followers of interpretivism use the experiences for constructing and interpreting the understanding of the data (Pham, 2018). An inductive research approach is used in which the general flow here is a collection of information, data analysis, and finally then the development of theories.The research design in a study is associated with the selection of methods and techniques to be used in a study. In this case, the descriptive research design is used, as it is used for identifying and obtaining information regarding a particular issue (Akhtar, 2016). Moreover, for this research question, the approach of thematic analysis to analyze the qualitative data is used. Thematic analysis is great as it allows the identification of themes or patterns in the qualitative study (Castleberry & Nolen, 2018). The goal with the identification themes is that it would help in addressing the research issues. For this research, the transcripts of randomized control trials and surveys are analyzed, after which they are analyzed to gather different viewpoints on the effectiveness/impact of music therapy in dementia patients.
This is because randomized control trials and surveys are conducted with the patients that undergo music therapy to evaluate/measure outcomes like improved cognitive, behavioral, and other skills in dementia patients. This music therapy is used as a non-pharmacological approach that has no side effects and is easy to implement for dementia patients.
Akhtar, M. I. (2016). Research Design.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308915548_Research_Design
Castleberry, A., & Nolen, A. (2018). Thematic analysis of qualitative research data: Is it as easy as it sounds?. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 10(6), 807-815.
Pham, L. (2018). A Review of key paradigms: positivism, interpretivism and critical inquiry. University of Adelaide.https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324486854_A_Review_of_key_paradigms_positivism_interpretivism_and_critical_inquiry
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