Health and Illness

Building Healthy Public Policy

The Australian government is responding very actively to the COVID-19 pandemic with the target of limiting the spread of the virus in the country. The public health policy of the government focuses on minimizing the infected and sick patients thus reducing the mortality rate. The health systems of the country are developed to manage the demand and risk associated with community and family. However, with the help of effective implementation of public health policy Australia has got success in flattening the curve daily. The government is following a three-step plan focusing on capacity building of health systems, physical distancing, and isolation of people. The government is working together by sharing information in providing the best possible with consistency and integration across the country. The Chief Health Officer, Chief Medical Officer, and representatives from key departments are involved in meeting daily risk assessment to Australia (Zaman et al., 2020).

Creating Supportive Environments

The government of Australia is providing support in COVID-19 response by various applications such as Head to Health. The applications like this provide mental health and well-being services with the help of digital support systems on a large coverage. The information through these such applications is shared among older adults of Australia and parents so that they can seek help through online mediums. The main source to provide health services in the health alert page as a coronavirus (COVID-19). The national health campaign is launched for all Australians so that the risk of infection to individuals is minimized and they are enabled to make informed decisions based on health recommendations. The translated version of the campaign is shared in different languages such as Korean, Chinese, Farsi, Arabic, Vietnamese, Italian, and Farsi. The information is shredded about the global response on the COVID-19 outbreak page daily updated by the World Health Organization (Moss et al., 2020).

Strengthening Community Action

The Australian government formed the Australian Health Protection Principal Committee (AHPPC) to consider public health measures that could be taken for strengthening the control over deadly virus spread. At the time, COVID-19 was spreading at a faster pace in the global world the Australian government took actions that included broader measures, contact management, and extensive case finding. This gave them time to government and societies for preparation. The government said that strategies will remain essential throughout the control phase but augmentation by additional social distancing measures will contribute to reducing the spread of respiratory infections. The vaccination provision was not very strong in the country earlier, that is the reason the government put so many restrictions to control the transmission of the virus. Communicable disease networks along with AHPPC has strongly impacted social isolation and distancing measures (Calisher et al., 2020).

Developing Personal Skills

The Australian Health sector Emergency response plan for Novel Coronavirus is updated periodically to guide Australians and develop their skills. The document explaining the whole strategy presents the idea of risk groups, potential treatments, and public health interventions so that awareness is spread to limit the harmful disruptions on community and individual (Wenham, Smith & Morgan, 2020). This plan helps the individuals socially and economically with the national approach based on AHMPPI. This is the initial action stage according to the Australian documents of handling emergencies. The activities at the individual level relate to monitoring and investigation of outbreaks that occur, clinical severity of disease based on nature, and characteristics. The research has identified that respiratory disease-specific strategies should be known to everyone so that further transmission is minimized. These steps help in rapid contribution and confident recovery of communities, individuals, and services. The support to individuals and communities is given by the government for health promotion with active response management (Zhou et al., 2020).

Re-Orienting Health Services Towards Prevention of Illness and Promotion of Health

The Ottawa health charter for health promotion and the Australian government has combined the agendas and policies in all sectors and at all levels. They have directed the public towards awareness of the health consequences of COVID-19 so that they accept responsibilities towards health. The re-orientation of services combined with other approaches including organizational change, legislation, taxation, and fiscal measures. The coordinated actions are taken at the time of COVID-19 pandemics so that they could foster greater equitability by focusing on health, education, and income. Re-orientation aims to identify the obstacles for the adoption of public health policy in the ways of improvement. The health sector in Australia is playing a major role in the promotion and provision of curative and clinical services in healthcare institutions (Dong, Du & Gardner, 2020).

References for Ottawa Health Charter for Health Promotion

Calisher, C., Carroll, D., Colwell, R., Corley, R. B., Daszak, P., Drosten, C. & Gorbalenya, A. (2020). Statement in support of the scientists, public health professionals, and medical professionals of China combatting COVID-19. The Lancet395(10226), 42-43.

Dong, E., Du, H., & Gardner, L. (2020). An interactive web-based dashboard to track COVID-19 in real-time. The Lancet infectious diseases.

Moss, R., Wood, J., Brown, D., Shearer, F., Black, A. J., Cheng, A. & McVernon, J. (2020). Modeling the impact of COVID-19 in Australia to inform transmission reducing measures and health system preparedness. medRxiv.

Wenham, C., Smith, J., & Morgan, R. (2020). COVID-19: the gendered impacts of the outbreak. The Lancet395(10227), 846-848.

Zaman, S., MacIsaac, A. I., Jennings, G. L., Schlaich, M., Inglis, S. C., Arnold, R. & Duffy, S. J. (2020). Cardiovascular disease and COVID-19: Australian/New Zealand consensus statement. Med J Aust1.

Zhou, X., Snoswell, C. L., Harding, L. E., Bambling, M., Edirippulige, S., Bai, X., & Smith, A. C. (2020). The role of telehealth in reducing the mental health burden from COVID-19. Telemedicine and e-Health26(4), 377-379.

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