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The social health determinants are referred to the factors influencing the health of an individual based on the conditions into which they are born such as culture, place of birth, employment status, environmental exposure, and others. This essay will look into the impact of these factors based on ten categories of social determinants of health assessment circle to understand its impact on the Gadigal community of Sydney in Australia (Clendon & Munns, 2018).
The Gadigal community are the clan of the “EORA NATION” and the name “Eora people” was given to the coastal aboriginal people in around Sydney (Australian Government, n.d.). They were discovered by Britishers, upon the arrival of their first fleet in 1788, around the bay of Port Jackson. It had been assessed that half of the Sydney’s Aboriginal population perished due to the epidemic caused by the smallpox in 1789, This caused decline in the Gadigal community population from 60 in 1788 to only 3 in 1791 and the current Gadigal population is only about a 100(Barani, n.d.). This social collapse was led to grief and bewilderment in the Gadigal community. However, various researchers such as Attenbow (2010) and Hinkson & Harris (2010) postulated that the Gadigal survivors, suffered great alienation from other Aboriginal people and had to fight for resources of food as well as the land for the purpose of re-establishment and survival. Attenbrow’s anthropological survey also mentioned that the Gadigal aboriginal people continued to live in the various other parts of the Sydney such as in places like Mulgoa Valley, the Emu Plains, La Perouse, Salt Pan Creek, Plumpton, Manly as well as Campbelltown until mid-1800s and continued to follow their traditional life in a a dissociative manner from the other aboriginal communities and the non-aboriginal societies (Working with Aboriginal People and Communities, n.d.; Attenbrow, 2010 Brani, n.d).”
The community research highlighted the challenged faced by the Gadigal community due to the lack of resources, lack of education and poor economic status, gender inequality and improper social environment. The community of Gadigal being significantly reduced in number faces more challenges than the other communities who are co-inhabiting their land. Due to the high competition of the clans residing in the area of Sydney, there is the dearth of medical and other facilities, which directly impact the well-being of the community. The government must reduce the healthcare inequality in the indigenous population to restore their well-being and promote the health of the community. The healthcare disparity can be addressed in the rural and remote areas by involving community developers and the healthcare professionals who exhibit the skills of cultural competency in indulging in health promotional activities in the community.
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