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1. As stated by Taylor and Guerin (2019), cultural safety is known as the way to which respect for culture is established in context to an organization, like healthcare. It is about overcoming the imbalance of the cultural power of space, people and policies that help improve the health of indigenous peoples and the Torres Strait Islander. The goal of cultural safety is that all people feel respected and protected when interacting with the health system. As stated by Laverty, McDermott and Calma (2017), cultural protection encompasses a safe environment for people: where there are no attacks, challenges or denials, where they are and what they need. It's about sharing respect, sharing meaning, sharing experience, knowledge and learning, living and working collectively with dignity. The particular YouTube video is in relation to the new public health journals. The reporter is talking with Dr. Leonie. She was involved in a workshop on cultural safety in which she showed a very powerful slide that said white fellows need to step up. She was even talking in this space and this field because a lot of white fellows feel very nervous about doing so often because of them trying to be culturally sensitive. However it is very important to ensure cultural safety to the backward communities like the aboriginals and the Torres Strait Islanders so that they feel safe and secure in the healthcare setting. Ensuring cultural protection will subject that the aboriginal communities are respected in the healthcare setting and can interact freely and discuss their health issues (com, 2017).
2. As stated by Counte (2019), interpersonal power refers to any element of change in the behavior of an actor, for example B that can be attributed to the influence of another actor, for example A. it sometimes mentions the reason for such a change in the actual use of such capacity but always to overcome B's "resistance". Interpersonal power is therefore considered the ability of a person to do something and the ability to 'overtake' like the skill of an actor to achieve a goal from it. In simple words it can be termed as the power of one individual against the other and to attain a goal as opposed to the other individual’s power. From the given YouTube video it has been comprehended that Menninger came up with what's called transcripts of cultural nursing. She was one of the first people to recognize culture and a healthy society. It is in the context of health that has something to do with one another. Being a great work, however, sadly it did not give the impression of t the power dynamics that were involved. Also, it tends to take a transcultural approach which is where individuals always focus on white fellows gaining cultural awareness about other individual’s cultures. However, the non-Aboriginals are in a dominating position in the healthcare setting and it is very important they use their power for the better of the aboriginal population (com, 2017).
3. The social determinants in context to health are the surroundings in which individuals are born, learn, live, work, play; worship and age which further affect their health, quality of life, functioning, outcomes and risks. In these different environments and conditions (example, social, economic, and physical) settings (example, school, workplace, church and neighborhood) are referred to as “place”. Resources that improve the eminence of life can have an important impact on the health of the population. Examples of these resources subject safe and affordable housing, public safety, access to education and access to healthy food, local emergency / healthcare, and a toxin-free environment. Inequalities in context to health amid Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population are subjected by the World Health Organization (WHO) to be the largest in the world. It is generally due to poor living conditions and lack of housing for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families. The aboriginal population generally lives in overcrowded circumstances that are at high risk of infection due to poor sanitation and close contact with others. The unemployed people in these communities often suffer from mental health conditions. Other social determinants include lack of education and access of healthcare facilities which are a major problem in this context. The video further indicates that social determinants of health are not highly respected by politicians. There is a huge room for implementation of social systems in his context and to uplift the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population (Chenhall & Senior, 2018).
4. The cultures of humans are encompassed with ideas, behaviors, and artifacts that can be learned and transmitted among individuals and can modify over the time. Culture has no biological basis as it is not something we subject directly from genes but from the behaviors, history, ideas and artifacts. From the video it has been conferred that humans probably have more in common than they have differences and yet a numerous approaches in terms of cultural frequently want to center on the sort of ideas associated with culture (com, 2017). This cultural aspect is just not predominantly helpful, in clinical areas where one needs to fulfill people's needs. The idea subjected that there is a need to look at what's been happening in the past and what might need to change. Education is very much required to reach to understanding of the cultures and histories. The aboriginal community needs to understand their culture and find their history. Similarly, the non-aboriginals need to understand the aboriginal community and educate themselves in context to their culture. Nursing is a competency-based profession and has nothing to do with culture. However, culture is problematic in a clinical area. Culture is something that is leant over the years by understanding the behaviors, artifacts and the history of the community. Culture is diverse and so are humans, it is very important to be aware of the different cultural communities and how they act. As a nurse or a health specialist it is very important not to distinguish any individual or community based on their culture or identity (Durham, 2019).
Chenhall, R. D., & Senior, K. (2018). Living the social determinants of health: Assemblages in a remote Aboriginal community. Medical Anthropology Quarterly, 32(2), 177-195. doi: 10.1111/maq.12418.
Counte, M. A. (2019). Interpersonal behavior and health care. Routledge.
Durham, W. H. (2019). Biological and Cultural Evolution. Biology And The Social Sciences: An Emerging Revolution.
Laverty, M., McDermott, D. R., & Calma, T. (2017). Embedding cultural safety in Australia’s main health care standards. The Medical Journal of Australia, 207(1), 15-16. doi: 10.5694/mja17.00328
Taylor, K., & Guerin, P. (2019). Health care and Indigenous Australians: cultural safety in practice. Macmillan International Higher Education.
youtube.com (2017), Do politicians need cultural safety training? Dr Leonie Cox, from QUT, from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-bA-UANKSmc
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