Research Foundations for Health Practice

Introduction to The Effect of Nutrition Education

According to Abdul Majid, Ramli, and Ying et al. (2016), balanced dietary intake improves the nutritional intake of dietary components and restricts the intake of unhealthy components that impact the calorie intake and affect the body mass index (BMI). BMI for a healthy weight is 18.5 – 25 for. For this research poster, the research question is, ‘How does a balanced dietary intake impact the BMI of teenagers with obesity’. As per the PICO format, the population (P): teenagers with obesity, intervention (I): balanced dietary intake, comparison (C): poor body mass index, outcome (O): healthy body mass index. This research question is very important to encourage and spread awareness among the teenager about balanced dietary intake.

Methods

For this research topic, the articles are chosen from credible sources such as Medline, CINAHL, and PubMed. The articles that are in the English language are selected and others are excluded. The articles from 2015 to 2020 are selected based on the selection criteria. The use of key terms and Boolean operators helped in the selection of the articles that contain relevant information such as balanced dietary intake AND impact the BMI, balanced diet OR BMI of teenagers with obesity, BMI of teenagers with obesity, AND balanced dietary intake. The selected articles were checked twice based on the eligibility criteria and those that did not fulfill the criteria were again excluded.

Results

For this research 5 articles were used and these were critically appraised for the information related to the research topic.

Article no.

Author and year

Study design

Aim of research

Sample size

Outcomes

1.

El-Medany, Birch and Hunt et al. 2020

meta-regression

The relation between the lipid profile and BMI of adolescents.

71 articles were selected.

Reduction on BMI reduces LDL and improves obesity conditions.

2.

Normayanti and Prayitno 2020

quasi-experimental

To study the effect of nutrition on a diet, BMI, and obesity

60 respondents (14-17 years old)

Changed in energy intake changed the waist size, BMI, and weight.

3.

Papadopoulou, Feidantsis and Hassapidou et al. 2020

Statistical analysis

To study the effect of nutrition on BMI.

904 Greek adolescents

High BMI contributes to more weight.

4.

Zalewska and Maciorkowska 2017

Randomized control trials with a survey questionnaire

To study the impact of nutritional factors and their effect on obesity.

1,999 secondary school students

Found that an inappropriate diet such as no intake of fruits and vegetables leads to obesity.

5.

Zhou, Zeng and Jin et al. 2017

household-based survey with Randomized control trials with the survey questionnaire

To study how changes in diet impact weight, obesity, and BMI.

10,401 adults

Nutritional diet improves BMI

Discussion on The Effect of Nutrition Education

If there is an intake of a balanced diet such as whole grain meals, fruits, vegetables, no skipping of meals, and physical activity then intake of calorie content is under control. This impacts the waist size, levels of cholesterol, reduced risks to cardiovascular issues, and improved BMI. Drinking of less sweetened drinks, reduced junk food intake and 3 time meals maintain weight and it improves BMI (Abdul et al. 2016). BMI and obesity in obese teenagers can be improved with appropriate levels of intake of protein, carbohydrate, fat, and various other macros- or micro-nutrients. With the intake of a balanced diet such as dairy foods, eggs, fishes, plenty of potatoes, rice, and milk is best for obese teenagers and this maintains the weight and mass of the body; thereby affecting the BMI of the teenagers. 

Conclusion on The Effect of Nutrition Education

It is concluded that spreading knowledge about nutritional diet intake in obese teenagers improves their cholesterol, weight, waist size, and body composition. All these factors improve BMI as well. It is concluded that if BMI is low or high then the body health is affected, but if intake of nutrition is not adequate then weight increase with waist size and other issues. So, BMI can be kept under control with nutritional dietary intake for obese teenagers for maintaining their weight and health.

References for The Effect of Nutrition Education

Abdul Majid, H., Ramli, L., Ying, S.P., Su, T.T., Jalaludin, M.Y. and Abdul Mohsein, N.A.S. 2016. Dietary intake among adolescents in a middle-income country: An outcome from the malaysian health and adolescents longitudinal research team study (the MyHeARTs Study). PloS One, vol. 11, no. 5, pp.e0155447. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0155447

El-Medany, A.Y., Birch, L., Hunt, L.P., Matson, R.I., Chong, A.H., Beynon, R., Hamilton-Shield, J. and Perry, R. 2020. What change in body mass index is required to improve cardiovascular outcomes in childhood and adolescent obesity through lifestyle interventions: A meta-regression. Childhood Obesity, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1089/chi.2019.0286

Normayanti, S.J. and Prayitno, A. 2020. The effect of nutrition education on body mass index, waist circumference, mid-upper arm circumference and blood pressure in obese adolescents. Electronic Journal of General Medicine, vol. 17, no. 5.pp. 221. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejgm/7884

Papadopoulou, S.K., Feidantsis, K.G., Hassapidou, M.N. and Methenitis, S. 2020. The specific impact of nutrition and physical activity on adolescents’ body composition and energy balance. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, pp.1-11. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2020.1773374

Zalewska, M., and Maciorkowska, E. 2017. Selected nutritional habits of teenagers associated with overweight and obesity. Peer Journal, vol5, pp. 3681. https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.3681

Zhou, L., Zeng, Q., Jin, S. and Cheng, G. 2017. The impact of changes in dietary knowledge on adult overweight and obesity. PloS One, vol. 12, no. 6, pp.e0179551. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179551

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