Alexa is a 16-year-old adolescent, whoe is suffering from cystic fibrosis. Alexa’s parents heavily involved in her health management, and health outcomes. Alexa has a boyfriend Matt had recently begun having sex without contraceptive. These changes occur as children progress from infancy to adolescent age. Adolescence is a life stage that is characterized by the growing opportunities, energy, capacities, aspirations, creativity, with the little chance of vulnerability. Alexa is in her adolescent age only who is developing puberty changes. During the growth period of children, parents, legal guardians, counselors, and health care providers act as a de-facto decision maker or decision guidance provider. The decision-maker provider is responsible to make assessments in the context of children’s emerging and developing self-awareness, values, beliefs, and maturing cognitive skills. The convention system may provide rights for the entire people who are below 18 years in support of evolving their capacities and development. The adolescent must be informed through rights in terms of health, security, education, skills, resilience, and sexuality.
Similary, Alexa must also be informed about her rights and duties. Her parents nee to consider this and must educate her. This information has profound implications for the adolescent’s optimum development and affects the present, future social, and economic development. This highlights the importance of a human-right based approach that further includes recognition, and respect for dignifying, an agency of adolescent, and optimum health. In terms of reproductive health, adolescent’s rights were grounded in guarantees of life and health. The adolescent age group faces a serious threat in terms of HIV/AIDS, STI, early pregnancy, and unsafe abortion. The legal guarantees require the government to guarantee adolescents access to reproductive health information and education; guarantee adolescent access to reproductive health services, protect adolescents from violence and discrimination.
The state should ensure that their adolescent population must give appropriate legislative, budgetary, judicial and other actions to achieve adolescent’s right for sexual, reproductive, health, education, and knowledge. The healthcare consent policies must be practiced and adopted, these policies are largely based on a developmental model of care, quality of life and function, health, wellbeing, education, and mental development. The aim of the standards or policies is to ensure that all the children under 10 to 18 years old must receive evidence-based health care and quality life. Some of the challenges faced during the implementation of policies are cultural changes, training requirements, proposed arrangements, and societal perceptions.
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