The article named "Moral dilemmas and existential issues encountered both in psychotherapy and philosophical counseling practices" is presented by Beatrice A. Popescu in “Europe’s Journal of Psychology” in 2015. The article presents empirical data and clinical observations composed in the treatment room for over six years. The investigation was done to analyze the association between psychotherapy and philosophical therapy, to propose an interactive representation of counseling.
The study aimed to review the significance of ethical dilemma and existential issue in both the practice by conducting cognitive behavioral treatment session with clients who want to solve their problems using therapies.
The paper aims to present the theories on ethical dilemmas encountered in both philosophical and psychotherapy counseling practices to raise the points of counselees and clients that are noticed in the first gathering of assessment Popescu,(2015). The assortment process followed in the assignment was as clients and counselees were two parties involved in the discussion there is an involvement of both to observe the success of counseling and therapeutic approaches. Psychotherapy and philosophical counseling are different domains that are developed to help healthcare professionals in different fields. The fields like mental health training were given to the participants who were trained only in psychological therapy. This therapy is mainly used in cognitive behavioral therapy and existential psychotherapy Popescu,(2015). From this theory, it is well explained that this is not any kind of reflection, but the way of life that presents an attitude. The methods that were used in the study were cognitive behavior psychotherapy (CBT) and rational emotive behavioral therapy (REBT) to understand the common and irrational beliefs that formulate practical ideologies and methods.
Also, Albert Ellis created ABC schema, which presents a extensive variety of harms relying on stoics thinking. He described in the article that the interpretation of outside proceedings is being prejudiced by the illogical beliefs of people. Here, the point is that the electric model can also be used for analyzing cognitive-behavioral approaches. Rational emotive behavior therapy, transactional analysis, cognitive behavior therapy is the mixed bag of philosophical assumptions Popescu,(2015). The philosophical counselors are involved to solve some predicaments usually those who have undergone counseling sessions. According to the article, the concept of inherent controversies is discussed to fulfill the voices of customers by engaging both philosophical and psychological practices in training. The evidence in this article was provided by different authors such as Rabbe emphasized the attainment of personal autonomy it means that person is himself/herself responsible for what happens to him Popescu,(2015). However, this means that mental illness plays an important role in a person's behavior.
According to the latest meta-analyses, the patients who suffered from moderate or mild depressive symptoms leave the counselees with the belief that there are a lot of scientific situation that necessitate medications as the first choice. Evidence-based related researches state that RBT and CBT are supported to treat childhood trauma by focusing on the client's history, focusing on the there, and prospect steps to focal point on the success and development of the people state of intelligence Popescu,(2015). The strengths of this article are that both the forms philosophical and psychotherapeutic are discussed in the article to give analyses about themes. Medicalization and opinion on mental illness are the strong points discussed in the article with great evidence Popescu,(2015).
The article discussed ethical or moral dilemmas based on the experience and decisions about how to cope with legal issues and divorce as mentioned in the article. The psychological evaluation session and anamnestic interviews were conducted to validate assessment requirements. The instruments used were BDI II, BAI, SCL-90 Symptom checklist, WHOQOL-BRIEF 26 items, and Sentence Completion Test were used to validate symptoms and present life issues or emotion in a deeper way to know the effects on childhood traumatic event or an adult trauma Popescu,(2015). At the application of tests, existential issues may arise like fear of solitude and being alone, terror of bereavement, lack of expert individuality, disaster, and liberty of choice or liberty. It was observed that hypochondriac complaints are those which are linked to death in an obvious formPopescu,(2015). These are the manners that can be handled with different manners; one amongst them is a cognitive behavioral theory or having a move toward towards desensitization to bereavement.
The author thought that some psychologists are blind by the authority of emotionality and less tending to help work out dangerous thoughts, the dilemmas draw out physically influential emotion in their customers that give them decree. The customers were not much enough capable to acquire new skills that were bought into the therapy. Here, he felt and realized that ethics and ethical attitude are expected to have an neutral view in spite of the things that could be donePopescu,(2015).
The strengths of this article are that their theories observed have a greater impact on the mental treating of a person to present a view on the way of life and existential attitude. A wide range of problems can be solved by heavily depending on these theories to mark the influences by core irrational beliefs. On the other hand, the limitation of the research article was that the psychological instruments are used to assess the before and after therapy state of a person was treated and evaluatedPopescu,(2015).
The article played an important part in philosophical and therapeutic processes that were all neglected in the article. In order, the therapeutic and counseling processes are followed in the right manner, ensures that the article has got success. The ethical and moral dilemmas involved in the research provide the best role in playing a lively role than an unbiased place. Preparation should be given to notice serious psychiatric circumstances in a counselee and advocate a psychiatrist. These recommendations work to improve sympathetic of moral dilemmas of customers and counselee. Proper training will help to solve the selection criteria for handling more complex situations.
Popescu, B. A. (2015). Moral dilemmas and existential issues encountered both in psychotherapy and philosophical counseling practices. Europe's journal of psychology, 11(3), 509.
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