1.a) In the above scenario, Vasal can refuse to do sell the car as he had not heard of the acceptance from Navid. Navid directly went on to proceed with the payment without giving any acceptance.
1.b) The law of contract works on the principles of offer, acceptance, and payment. Some conditions prescribe for revocation of the offer. The person making the offer has got an option to revoke the same till the time it is not expressly accepted. Therefore, in the above scenario, acceptance and payment were quite fast and there was no formal acceptance before and Vasal can rightfully refuse to sell the car (Eisenberg, 2014).
1.c) I will first detail out the scope of the contract. The next step would be to describe the purpose and objectives of the tender concerning the environment it will be implemented in. Lastly, I will roll out the deliverables and the delivery times of the same. I will then open a three days window to entertain queries and clarifications that are needed by the people wanting to fill the tender. Once this process ends, there will be three days bidding process. The top 5 bidders will be called upon to present their bids further and then the suitable bidder will be selected after consideration of all the elements (Zhang et al., 2017)
1.d) This order can be easily done through a change order to the original contract as it will be easier to derive the goods from one place only. However, if there is a need to change the look then a separate contract can be tendered by circulating advertisements for the bids of the same. However, it is ideal to circulate a change order and give the additional list of items to the same bidder who was awarded the contract (Khalifa and Mahamid, 2019).
2.a) Yes, I will accept the change request after analyzing whether or not there is a scope in the contract to alter the work order and the extent of the same and then I will analyze if I will still be making a profit from the change order (Khanzadi et al., 2018).
2.b) The steps that I will take for a valid claim are-
3.a) I will ask for fair compensation for-
1. The loss of time of the labor where they were on the roll but could not work due to shortage of the material.
2. The losses incurred to obtain the material from the different supplier due to shortage of time
3. The various bills that have accrued such as electricity bill, etc, during the time there was no work due to regulations
4. Loss of perishable material that was caused due to no timely usage of the same
5. Loss of machinery
3.b) There is clear and convincing evidence that proves the case beyond a reasonable doubt that all the losses have been incurred due to the regulations imposed by the government and there was no time allotted to prepare for an alternative course of action (Kim, 2017). This has caused great losses, delays in material supply, and much more.
3.c) I will take the following steps
4.a) An ethical procurement can be ensured in the following-
4.b) I will assess the BATNA (best alternative to a negotiated agreement) and ZOPA (zone of possible agreement) range of the CQU in advance to analyze the scope I have while negotiating the contract (Pinkley et al., 2017). I will take a thorough look at the competitors and will see the kind of products and services they would be offering. I will offer a zero contact customer service which is important at the time of this pandemic. All the things that will need support will be provided with the help of a remote help service system that will be prompt and swift in query resolution.
4.c) I position myself as the party with an upper hand due to the following reasons-
Firstly the availability of all the products under one roof
Secondly, prompt remote support
Thirdly, quality products with warranty certificates and ASQC compliance
5.a) The four benefits of outsourcing here would be-
5.b.1) Yes it would be appropriate for the firm's A, B, and C, acting independently, to provide the client with a statement of the estimated charges because no possible opportunity to expand the business should be missed for futile reasons of non-exclusivity of the interview request. It is a common practice to engage in price comparisons (Orlando, 2019).
5.b.2) Yes, price comparisons are ethical and firm A was right in participating further. Price comparison is the right of the paying party, it is up to the other party to assess whether they wish to continue after knowing this (Hamenda, 2018). It is but obvious that businesses will try to achieve more at lesser costs.
Eisenberg, M.A., 2014. The Revocation of Offers. Wis. L. Rev., p.271.
Hamenda, A., 2018. AN INTEGRATED MODEL OF SERVICE QUALITY, PRICE FAIRNESS, ETHICAL PRACTICE AND CUSTOMER PERCEIVED VALUES FOR CUSTOMER SATISFACTION OF SHARING ECONOMY PLATFORM. International Journal of Business & Society, 19(3).
Israel, B., Mchopa, A., Mwaiseje, S. and Mashene, A., 2019. ETHICAL PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND PERFORMANCE OF PUBLIC PROCURING ENTITIES IN TANZANIA: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCES FROM MOSHI DISTRICT COUNCIL. Journal of Co-operative and Business Studies (JCBS), 4(2).
Khalifa, W.M.A. and Mahamid, I., 2019. Causes of Change Orders in Construction Projects. Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, 9(6), pp.4956-4961.
Khanzadi, M., Nasirzadeh, F. and Dashti, M.S., 2018. Fuzzy cognitive map approach to analyze causes of change orders in construction projects. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 144(2), p.04017111.
Kim, D., 2017. New business opportunities through government tenders. Africa Renewal, 30(3), pp.36-37.
Lins, M.I.A., da Silva Duda, J. and da Cunha, M.X.C., 2019, May. Motivations, Risks and Benefits in Outsourcing Information Systems: Confronting the Visions of Providers and Contractors in Maceió. In Proceedings of the XV Brazilian Symposium on Information Systems (pp. 1-8).
Mikko, V. and Juntunen, J., 2018. Outsourcing accounting functions-measuring benefits, impact on capabilities and firm performance.
Orlando, G., 2019. Practicing the Just Price: Fair Trade and the Limits of Ethical Consumption in the Global North', The Politics and Ethics of the Just Price (Research in Economic Anthropology, Volume 39).
Pinkley, R.L., Conlon, D.E., Sawyer, J.E., Sleesman, D.J., Vandewalle, D. and Kuenzi, M., 2017. Unpacking BATNA availability: How probability can impact power in negotiation. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2017, No. 1, p. 16888). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management.
Zhang, D., Liang, Z.D. and Gao, J.H., 2017, May. Compliance Management in Bidding Procurement. In 3rd Annual International Conference on Management, Economics and Social Development (ICMESD 17). Atlantis Press.
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