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Introduction

Primary health care is Australia encompasses wide arrays of services in health care across the private, public, and non-government sectors of the country. It is considered the frontline of the Australian health care system. There are different type of services comes under the primary health care system which incorporates health promotions, screening, and prevention, intervention, treatment, and management. This study is the literature review that demonstrates all the aspects of the primary health care system. This study will also highlight the impact of primary health care on specific communities and the challenges faced by health care professionals in delivering the services to the patients. Different researches will be compared and contrast in the study and deep research is conducting by evaluating different articles, journals, and papers. This study will also demonstrate the gaps and limitations of the research work. Apart from this, the Prisma Flow chart is also discussed include in the study which aids to report the systematic review. At the end of the report, a justifiable conclusion is also provided at the end of the study which includes all the findings from the study.

Literature Review

A literature review is a scholarly source on any specific topic which enables to provide the recent research related to the research topic and delivers an overview of current information and knowledge related to the topic. In this literature review, the keywords used are primary care, aboriginal health, primary health care system, world health organization, health professional, etc.

Reed, McIntyre, Jackson-Bowers & Kalucy, (2017), have stated that primary health care is considered as the critical component in enhancing the individuals and population health along with the controlling cost. It is important to robust the primary health care system and improving clinical health practices. The main aim of this article is to demonstrate the paths for research and their influences that have accomplished through numerous government-sponsored primary health care plans. However, the efficiency of all these approaches as professed by their main investigators. The primary quantitative research was conducted to collect the data for the research. The online survey was conducted to collect the data from the respondents.

The respondents of the survey were selected through the non-probability sampling technique. The authors have concluded that the investigators who were entrenched in an expert, medical, or policy-focused intermediate administrations, or had established businesses with medical facilities were more capable to define a straight influence of their investigation (Reed, McIntyre, Jackson- Bowers & Kalucy, 2017). This proposes that the growth of these dealings and meeting of the investors through primary health care investigators is an imperative step for the finest study operation in the primary health care situation.

Halcomb, Ashley, James & Smyth, (2018), in contrast, highlight the employment condition of the Australian primary health care nurses. This research paper aims to highlight the employment characteristics of primary health care nurses and employ patterns and payment deliberations. The primary quantitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. The online survey was conducted to collect the data from the respondents. The respondents of the survey were selected through the non-probability sampling technique.

Most of the respondents were working in general training and others were employed part-time. The authors found that the pay scale was significantly lesser for the nurses who are working in general training as compared to nurses in the primary health care system. Most of the nurses have not been received an increased pay scale from the last five years. There are significant differences in the pay scale provided to the nurses in the practice and primary health care system. It is very important for the system to consider the pay scale in order to fascinate the skilled younger nurses to fulfill the needs and the requirements of the workforce.

Beks et al., (2019) also depict that primary health care is considered as a critical component in enhancing the health of the individuals. This paper highlights the programs conducted by the primary health care in Australia for indigenous people. The main of these programs is to improve the health care conditions of the aboriginal people and help them to access all the necessary health care facilities. Australia has made little progress in enhancing the health care condition and reduce the risk factor of spreading chronic disease among the indigenous.

The secondary quantitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. The data is collected from online sources such as journals, articles, and health libraries, and so on. The data was collected from the authorized and relevant resources which will lead to giving authentic results. This paper concluded that in order to deliver all the primary health care services to the indigenous people it is very important to collaborate with the aboriginal societies so that they will help to conduct this program more effectively and effective results will be seen.

Zhao et al., (2019), also states there is a significant difference in the pay scale provided to the nurses in the practice and primary health care system. It leads to a higher turnover rate of nurses from general practice to the health care system. The secondary quantitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. The data is collected from online sources such as journals, articles, and health libraries, and so on. The data was collected from the authorized and relevant resources which will lead to giving authentic results. The author concluded that it was very necessary for the health care system to focus on the pay scale in order to fascinate the skilled younger nurses to fulfill the needs and the requirements of the workforce. As it impacts the programs that improve the health care conditions of the aboriginal people and help them to access all the necessary health care facilities. Investments need to be done in order to improve the conditions of health care nurses who are an integral part of the system.

In the words of McKittrick & McKenzie, (2018), the primary health care system plays a cardinal in the enhancement of health care services in Australia. The health care home model is one of the parts of the primary health care system. The main aim of this essay is to highlight the challenges in prevailing primary healthcare labor force capacity and willingness in the teamwork. The secondary quantitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. The data is collected from online sources such as journals, articles, and health libraries, and so on.

The data was collected from the authorized and relevant resources which will lead to giving authentic results. The paper concluded that the health care homes model paly and very important part in strengthening the primary healthcare labor force capacity and willingness in the teamwork. Apart from this, this article also highlights the importance of general practitioner and practice nurses. This model is considered as the opportunity for Australia to enhance the services provided by the primary health care system. However, authors also highlight the importance of the role of the nurse and their leadership in strengthening the primary healthcare services.

Murray‐Parahi, DiGiacomo, Jackson & Davidson, (2016), stated that the role of graduate nurses in the Primary Health Care setting is ordinary mainly seeing the growing demand for expert health care laborers and emphasizes health modification to deliver care to the individuals. The secondary quantitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. The data is collected from online sources such as journals, articles, and health libraries, and so on. The data was collected from the authorized and relevant resources which will lead to giving authentic results. The author concluded that there are various challenges of investigating the qualified changeover of graduate nurses in Primary health care settings. It comprises of lack of definitive changeover models, lack of literature, and so on (Tricco et al., 2018). Nursing in Primary health care settings is a very difficult task mainly when it comes to the client's home. It

is particularly dissimilar to hospice settings due to higher stages of separation and independence. Social changes, medical reform, and following demand for the capable workers in the Primary health care settings have produced health care professionals to question the statement that such roles are only for skilled nurses.

Lane et al., (2017), depicts that due to increased demand for the general practice nurses in the system and the pressure handled by them impact their performance. Primary health care organizations help to support the workforce to enhance their performance and accomplished all the predefined goals of the organization. The primary qualitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. Interviews were conducted to collect the data from the respondents. The respondents for the interview were selected through the probability sampling technique. Most of the respondents were working in general training and others were employed part-time. This paper concluded that the health care system plays an imperative role in the development and growth of the general practice nurses.

Nurses play an important role in hospitals in order to deliver the best services to the patients. The primary health care system provides sustenance to the general practice nurses in order to support interdisciplinary care (Tay, Tan & Goh, 2019). It promotes the advanced nursing role and provides essential training and support to the nurses. The author also states that effective execution of suitable responsibilities by Primary health care organizations can support the growth and development of the nursing workforce which are the part of primary care.

In the words of Browning, Davis, & Thomas, (2017), primary health care plays an important role in the health of older people. This paper has also discussed the work of primary health care in Australia and the challenges faced by the workforce. The main aim of this paper is to highlight the gaps and the differences between the health care system and the aged care system in providing primary health care services to the aged people. The authors highlight the need for a combined care system that addresses issues such as multi-morbidity and multi-professional effort in the care for aged people.

The primary quantitative research was conducted in order to collect the data for the research. The online survey was conducted to collect the data from the respondents. The respondents of the survey were selected through the non-probability sampling technique. This paper found that the skilled labor force, improved communication among health specialists, and a subsidy method that does not draw back older manifold operators of the primary health care system. It will support in the deterrence of entrance of aged persons into the new exclusive subordinate and tertiary medical care and housing older age care systems.

Conclusion

It is concluded from the study that primary health care is considered as the frontline of the Australian health care system. There are different type of services comes under the primary health care system which incorporates health promotions, screening, and prevention, intervention, treatment, and management. This study also emphasizes the programs conducted by the primary health care in Australia for indigenous people. The main aim of these programs is to improve the health care conditions of the aboriginal people and help them to access all the necessary health care facilities.

In terms of employment in the system, it is very necessary for the health care system to focus on the pay scale in order to fascinate the skilled younger nurses to fulfill the needs and the requirements of the workforce. As it impacts the programs that improve the health care conditions of the aboriginal people and help them to access all the necessary health care facilities. Apart from this, the Primary health care system provides sustenance to the general practice nurses in order to support interdisciplinary care. It promotes the advanced nursing role and provides essential training and support to the nurses.

References

Beks, H., Binder, M. J., Kourbelis, C., Ewing, G., Charles, J., Paradies, Y., ... & Versace, V. L. (2019). The geographical analysis of evaluated chronic disease programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the Australian primary health care setting: a systematic scoping review. BMC public health, 19(1), 1115.

Browning, C., Davis, J., & Thomas, S. (2017). Primary Health Care and Older People. In Ageing in Australia (pp. 225-237). Springer, New York, NY.

Halcomb, E., Ashley, C., James, S., & Smyth, E. (2018). Employment conditions of Australian primary health care nurses. Collegian, 25(1), 65-71.

Lane, R., Halcomb, E., McKenna, L., Zwar, N., Naccarella, L., Davies, G. P., & Russell, G. (2017). Advancing general practice nursing in Australia: roles and responsibilities of primary healthcare organizations. Australian Health Review, 41(2), 127-132.

Mckittrick, R., & McKenzie, R. (2018). A narrative review and synthesis to inform health workforce preparation for the Health Care Homes model in primary healthcare in Australia. Australian journal of primary health, 24(4), 317-329.

Murray‐Parahi, P., Digiacomo, M., Jackson, D., & Davidson, P. M. (2016). New graduate registered nurse to transition into primary health care roles: an integrative literature review. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 25(21-22), 3084-3101.

Reed, R. L., McIntyre, E., Jackson-Bowers, E., & Kalucy, L. (2017). Pathways to research impact in primary healthcare: What do Australian primary healthcare researchers believe works best to facilitate the use of their research findings?. Health research policy and systems, 15(1), 17.

Tay, K., Tan, L., & Goh, W. (2019). A PRISMA review of collective flow experiences in music contexts. Psychology of Music, 0305735619873389.

Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O'Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., ... & Hempel, S. (2018). PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-SCR): checklist and explanation. Annals of internal medicine, 169(7), 467-473.

Zhao, Y., Russell, D. J., Guthridge, S., Ramjan, M., Jones, M. P., Humphreys, J. S., & Wakerman, J. (2019). Costs and effects of higher turnover of nurses and Aboriginal health practitioners and higher use of short-term nurses in remote Australian primary care services: an observational cohort study. BMJ Open, 9(2), e023906.

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