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  • Subject Name : Psychology

Case Study 2: Psychological Issues in Katie 

The Case

The case is a narrative story by Mrs. Jones about her daughter Katie, who has been obsessed with losing weight. The general physician on asking about his opinions, states that it was pretty normal for a young woman to be preoccupied with shedding off extra weight and go on diets but eventually grow out of it. However, this does seem to be the case, after getting a job, Katie seems not to be eating enough. And, on being asked she denied and said she is eating fine. But, one day, Mrs. Jones received a call from Katie’s workplace when she was informed that Katie had fainted and she has not been eating enough and had been vomiting a lot during work.

Analysis

Psychosocial Issues Faced by Katie

Psychological issues are the problems that mentally and socially impact the people. Psychosocial evaluation helps one to analyze the mind in greater detail and see the causes that lead to develop the issues during the life of a person. An evaluation of psychosocial problems affecting Katie can be examined utilizing this case study.

The internal problems of a person are studied at a psychological level such as brain chemistry and genetic predisposition. Alternatively, an emotional elements such as stress or compulsive behavior may lead to a mental disorder like anxiety and depression in the individual (Lockett, 2018). Whereas the external placement of a person is considered at the social level. Environmental situations are closely analyzed, majorly the workplace environment and environment at home. The risk factors that can be addressed include improper communication or inadequate aid (World Health Organization, 2019).

When examining this scenario, Mrs. Jones notes that Katie "obsessively loses weight," which shows the odds of issues for low self-image and self-esteem. And, Mrs. Jones points out that Katie earlier was in a lot of stress because of not being employed, but not as she is employed she shouldn’t be stressed and would probably overcome the obsession of losing weight. Katie created a nutritional disturbance to deal with the tension that had previously been induced by unemployment and low self-esteem as understood through the awareness of psychosocial factors (Health Direct, 2017). As a result of Katie feeling more stressed because of the work environment not being supportive, this disorder has started to appear more notably as a survival strategy, since having low self-esteem and worrying about her self-image contributes towards an internal assessment of not being worthy of gaining somebody's support.

Informal Support Available to Katie

Types of assistance and encouragement in the personal group of individuals considered as informal encouragement. Networks that can be used to improve mental health and overall wellness of the individual can be both informal and formal networks. But informal support opposes formal support as they mostly rely on informal support and suggestions, and instead focus on daily experiences. Such forms of informal support can involve family members, relatives, colleagues, or even small community groups like a social group or church.

The objective is to make people feel supported and encouraged to move along mental health recovery (PeerNetwork, 2016). Moreover, this network facilitates the creation of a schedule for developing a healthy mental well-being attitude in which the individuals are habituated to depend on others and seeking assistance instead of internalizing problems.

In the case, Katie receives informal support, from her mother, who was the first person to realize the variance in well-being, has love, affection, and a desire to protect Katie from the illness that she asks for the advice of a doctor. Katie also has social support as her colleagues who also realized, Katie had not eaten and had recently thrown up, show a concern with her colleague and a desire to contribute when she informs Katie's mother about it. This informal support is a network at home and work on which Katie can rely on developing better mental health. To gain insight and awareness of the condition, Katie can be a member of a local group or church to challenge the sense of isolation.

Professionals or Agencies Which Are Likely to Be Involved with Katie

Formal support is provided by qualified experts in the form of information, assistance, and support. Formal support is based on professional opinions and recommendations from others who have the expertise to do so, as compared to the informal support. Whether by therapy sessions, counseling, or additional medical care, all concentrate on solving problems as a whole. Formal services include general practitioners, dietitians, psychologists, or support helplines with which a patient may feel more secure obtaining telephone advice and information.

The purpose of the formal groups is to accurately diagnose and assist people with poor mental health or a mental disorder if appropriate. A person can get medical advice and knowledge which can help them with their rehabilitation. This method of support promotes adopting a recovery plan and approaches to recover from mental illness or poor mental well-being.

Formal assistance from medical professionals, which includes the psychiatrists or general practitioners, is available to Katie. Additionally, some companies offer programs to speak to people on the phone, email, online, and so forth instantly. 'The Butterfly Foundation' offers professionally qualified clinicians to address eating disorders and recommendations on treatment options throughout the local region, 'Lifeline' is a 24/7 line that offers direct counseling and advice during the day, or 'National Eating Disorder Collaboration' that lists regional assistance programs and helps in spreading awareness on treating the eating disorders (Support Services for Eating Disorders, n.d).

Several medical support services and programs offering professional treatment and contributing to her eating disorder are at the disposal of Katie, in a manner that she is comfortable with, accommodating, and helping Katie as she continues rehabilitation.

Service Delivery Gaps for People with Mental Health Issues

It is essential to resolve the discrepancies in provision for services as it draws attention to concerns that obstruct the path for people who are seeking care. Such problems can be addressed by resolving such discrepancies and a solution can be found to allow all people to receive effective and skilled treatment.

The gaps in the services intended for people suffering from eating disorders largely contribute to the high rates of the services and treatment plan. Medical care could cost between $10,000 and $20,000 each month, as it is essential to consult the professionals a few times a week, purchase medication, and in certain cases, get admitted to the hospital for medical assistance (Lamagna, 2018). Many people need a minimum of three months of treatment until they are fully recovered, and a further post-recovery check-up to ensure that there is no relapse (Parker-Pope, 2010). Funding for treating the eating disorders must be supported, as these are life-saving services that should be readily available to those in the societies.

Also, General practitioners overlooking the eating disorders lead to service gaps. Eating disorders are usually considered as a common method adopted by the girls to shed extra weight as also mentioned in the case study. This presumption leads to the issues being ignored until the issues go out of hand. Furthermore, eating disorders can affect people of all sizes, ages, and genders and not only affect the young skeletons like thin girls as often mentioned (Jacoby, 2017). Such stereotypes increase the odds of eating disorders not being diagnosed. To help bridge this gap, awareness campaigns should be undertaken to remove the prejudice and myths regarding the eating disorder to ensure that everyone receives the best health treatment.

Advocacy Needs for The People with Mental Health Issue

Advocacy is conversing for an individual or group for promoting and safeguarding their interests and welfare (What is advocacy, n.d). Several forms of advocacy exist, like self-advocacy, system advocacy, and individual advocacy. All the forms of advocacy have a common aim of informing and obtaining public attention on issues that would have been ignored otherwise (Queensland Advocacy Inc, n.d). Advocacy is responsible for spreading awareness amongst the communities to educate people and reach out to the estranged souls.

In regular attempts to make a change, advocacy of eating disorders needs to be cultivated and can be done in many ways. Individual advocacy depends on one person to advocate consistently to their social group and to advocate for a local agency, or even volunteer. This allows the support and advocacy of persons with no group affiliation. However, citizen advocacy is a type of advocacy aimed at reforming and influencing policies, regulations, and procedures to build a healthier environment for the disadvantaged (Advocacy, n.d). This form of advocacy is used to investigate the research funding and the opportunity to provide quality health services to the sufferers. Whereas self-advocacy encourages people to use their experiences to help inform the public and end prejudices about eating disorders, as this enables the formation of a personal link.

The concerns that need to be addressed revolve around the presentation of eating disorders as a 'trend' or 'process' that is trendy to have. Awareness about the dangers associated with eating disorders needs to be promoted not only for the general population but in schools for generating awareness at a young age, offering the right skills for young people to build safe mental and physical wellbeing at an early age.

Moreover, the correct portrait of foodstuffs should be further promoted, because incorrect media representations often lead to additional misunderstandings or perceptions of foodstuffs that contribute to a romanticisation in the younger crowd the risks of an eating disorder, "no pain no gain".

Reference List

Advocacy. (n.d). Retrieved from https://thebutterflyfoundation.org.au/about-us/advocacy/

HealthDirect. (2017). Causes of anorexia nervosa, Retrieved from https://www.healthdirect.gov.au/causes-of-anorexia-nervosa

Jacoby, S. (2017). My eating disorder went undiagnosed because I never felt skinny enough to get help. Retrieved from https://www.self.com/story/eating-disorder-undiagnosed-ever-felt-skinny-enough-to-get-help

Lamagna, M. (2018). The unexpected costs of eating disorders. Retrieved from https://www.marketwatch.com/story/the-unexpected-costs-of-eating-disorders-2018-03-01

Lockett, E. (2018). Emotional signs of too much stress. Retrieved from https://www.healthline.com/health/emotional-symptoms-of-stress#compulsive-behavior

Parker-Pope, T. (2010). The cost of an eating disorder. Retrieved from https://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/12/03/the-cost-of-an-eating-disorder/

PeerConnect. (2016). Quick Guide to informal supports. Retrieved from https://www.peerconnect.org.au/files/7215/2764/7138/Peer_Connect_Quick_Guide_-_Informal_Supports_-Final.pdf

Queensland Advocacy Inc (n.d). Retrieved from http://121care.org.au/PDFforms/Advocacy%20Info.pdf

Support services for Eating disorders. (n.d). Retrieved from https://au.reachout.com/articles/support-services-for-eating-disorders What is advocacy. (n.d.) Retrieved from https://www.seap.org.uk/im-looking-for-help-or-support/what-is-advocacy.html

World Health Organisation. (2019). Mental health in the workplace. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/mental_health/in_the_workplace/en/

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