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Health System and Economies

Executive Summary of Health System and Economies

Obesity is a medical condition that characterised by excess body fat development on the body. It affects the overall life of individual and may be responsible for the occurrence of other adverse health problem such as blood pressure, trauma, ortho-related problem, and diabetes. According to AIHW (2019), in Australia, about two in here adult are overweight or obese. Thus, 8.5% of the burden of disease in Australia is attributed due to overweight and obese (AIHW, 2019). Stakeholders play a vital role in addressing the issue and in provoking various health strategies to reduce the burden of disease in the country.

Introduction to Health System and Economies

Obesity, overweight, and obese characterised abnormal or excessive fat accumulation health condition in person. It is the major public health issue in Australia; this confirmed from the fact that, according to AIHW, (2018) obesity rate rank fifth in country. The main reason for the obesity or overweight occurrence is energy imbalance. The imbalance caused because of the fact that energy intake is not consumed enough through physical activity (AIHW, 2018). Australian government has done various measures to reduce the burden of disease in the country. For instance, the obesity Prevention and Lifestyle program (OPAL) was implement by South Australia between 2009 to 2017 to improve the eating and physical activity patterns of South Australia (Government of South Australia, 2018). Many community-based efforts implemented by the organisations to prevent obesity and to adopt multiple models such as socio-ecological model, individual, organisational, and interpersonal (Whelan, et al, 2015). This model will help in addressing the issue and implementation of best practice to reduce the burden.

Obese person are prone to increased risk of developing morbidity, mortality, reduced life expectancy, and life threatening disease (Lung, Jan, Tan, Killedar, & Hayes 2018). Rather than this, obesity is also responsible for the prevalence of other disease such as hypertension, musculoskeletal, endocrine disease, gastrointestinal, neurologic, reparatory disorder, and other cardiovascular implications (Mazzeo, 2016). The contributing factors responsible for the development of disease are poor diet, high body mass index, and lack of physical activities, stress, unhealthy lifestyle, irregular eating habits, and other bad habits of drinking, smoking or drug (Aktar, Qureshi, Ferdous, 2017). Obesity and overweight is causing a burden on public health in many factors. Thus, there is a need of implementation of government measures to reduce the burden on people. In response to reduce the obesity rate, the National obesity summit 2018 was implementing by Australian Government Health Councils (2018). The main agenda of the summit is to addressee the overweight and obesity issue in Australia and adopt the multi-faced community wide approach. The measures adopted for the action is totally depend on individuals and families so that they adopt the best strategy to make informed decision and take care of health and their wellbeing.

The stakeholders involve in the addressing the health issue and save the health of people are dieticians, physicians, specialised government organisation, primary nurse, and funding organisation (Haynes, 2017). The importance of these stakeholders in dealing the public health issues is because of the fact that they help on reducing the prevalence rate of obesity among population through their considerable and effective strategies. The specialised organisation or the funding organisation must understand the community system in which the disease occur. They need to implement the obese prevention protocol through awareness, promotion, by developing interpersonal relationship in terms of ecological, social, political, and organisation to address the disease prevention strategies (Jancey, et al, 2019). The major risk associated with obesity burden is the poor diet among Australian population, thus dietician role is of paramount important which is responsible for lowering the level down of disease occurrence.

Dietician must make sure that in his or her community the diet followed by the individual must be in consistent with the Australian dietary guidelines to maintain healthy weight (AIHW, 2018). Dietician must aware people about the importance of diet and its implications on health through seminars, webinars, posters, and trainings. Dietician recommend that one’s’ diet should be rich in cereals, wholegrain, vegetables, legumes, fruits, lean, tofu, nuts, and seed (Aktar, Qureshi, Ferdous, 2017). These food items comprises of antioxidants and help in reducing the weight of person. Registered nurse and the enrolled nurse are component of the stakeholder that is responsible for the addressing the public health issue and making a considerable changes o implement the health. Nurses are responsible for aware the community regarding the lifestyle related bad habits such as drug addiction, tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity (Perry, Gallagher, & Duffeld, 2015).

Conclusion on Health System and Economies

From the above report, it can conclude that, obesity is creating a burden on normal life of people and if not treated properly on time can cause a serious health impact on population. With the proper implementation of strategies and effective adoption of healthy living tips, one can reduce the prevalence of obesity. Government organisation, dieticians, regard nurse are responsible for implementing the collaborative approach to reduce the burden through their teamwork. All of them are solely responsible to address the issue and to implement healthy approach in their own community and other sector community as well. They together show a professional teamwork in reducing the public health issue.

Recommendations on Health System and Economies

The following recommendations can implemented for the betterment of individual and reduction of burden:

  • Adoption of national, local, and regional policies to support the target obese population. They must effectively implement national obesity strategy with the most preventive health measures.
  • Regular health checkups and dieticians diet control chart need to implement in those area where the obesity ratio is higher. Regular health check will help in reducing the risk of disease development and its impacts.
  • Funding and specialised organisation such as Healthdirect Australia, Australian Medical Association, and The obesity Collective must make specialised seminars, free camps, and training sessions to aware people about obesity and its risk-associated factors.
  • People-self assessment and self-control approach must be adopted by the population to addressee their own health issues and health problems. These approaches help them to change their own life with few healthy steps.

References for Health System and Economies

Aktar, N., Qureshi, N., Frdous, H. (2017). Obesity: A review of pathogenesis and management strategies in Adult. Delta Medical College Journal, 5, 1-15.

Government of South Australia (2018). Retrieved from: https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/healthy+living/healthy+communities/local+community/opal/opal

Haynes, E. , Hughes, R., & Reidlinger, D. (2017). Obesity prevention advocacy in Australia: an analysis of policy impact on autonomy. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41, 299-305

Jancey, J. Et al (2019). Exploring network structure and the role of key stakeholders to understand the obesity prevention system in an Australian metropolitan health services : study protocol. BMJ, 9, 1-16.

Lung, T., Jan, S., Tan, E., Khilledar, A., Hayes, A. (2018). Impact of overweight, obesity and severe obesity on life expectancy of Australian adults. International Journal of Obesity, 1-8.

Mazzeo, F. (2016). Current concept of obesity. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/311670914_Current_concept_of_obesity

Overweight and obesity. Retrieved from: https://www1.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/Overweight-and-Obesity

Perry, L., Gallaher, R., & Duffeld, C. (2015). The health and health behaviour of Australian metropolitan nurses: an exploratory study. BMC Journal, 45, 1-11

Whelan, J., et al. (2015). A map of community-based obesity prevention initiatives in Australian following obesity fuding 2009-2013. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39, 168-171

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