Community Health and Disease Prevention

Abstract on Community Health and Disease Prevention

The purpose of the paper is to discuss in-depth about the Ebola outbreak and the action taken as a whole to protect the community spread. The course of action like Public health officer and to relate with the findings to the internal and the external resources that could help to step and overcome the outbreak along with the potential spread within non-communicable diseases. The chosen outbreak is the Ebola virus and the purpose is to understand impacts over the growing public health. Subsequently, the community engagement along with handling the mobilization can be anticipated with the ideas that can relate with the public health officer’s strategy, and to judge how to handle the outbreak, and to provide the effective prevention ways as the response to control it. An in-depth analysis is given to the case scenario, and the strategy is to be more fine-tune to prevention strategy that could handle any steps with the special aid to the community within the Ebola outbreak. The health workers while engaging in the community outbreak, have to take proactive steps to control the virus outbreak, define a plan of actions, understand the role of the principal actors and also be transparent to the team function working parallel with the health professional and to provide the community response to control the outbreak.

The paper analyses the community engagement and the mobilization strategy that could help to analyze the emergency response as a result of the outbreak. The epidemiological studies provide an insight into the community collaboration and fair understanding of the response strategy to handle the outbreak as a result of the Ebola Virus (EVD) outbreak (Reynolds, 2018). Subsequently, the issue can be evaluated through the active community participation within the underdeveloped and facing the poverty-ridden Africa. As observed, the African countries are experiencing a rapid rise in Ebola cases, and there has been a case of intervention found within the Sudan and Zaire, during the period of 1976 (Schlarb, 2017). The Ebola crisis time has experienced a rising mortality rate by 50%, such as in Tasha Africa, and there has been a growing mortality rate with 90%. It is important to handle the critical pathways to overcome outbreaks and to anticipate the knowledge to derive the intervention plans and found out ways to overcome EVD. Through the active community settings and with active strategy for the active response to the outbreaks.


During the stages of the epidemic rise, there has been an active role of the community and it is important to prepare for the worst scenarios rather than handling situations towards preparing the people for the future. As the outbreak has tremendously expanded, the community strategy would be to control the outbreak (Musesengwa, 2017). The community strategy would be to spread awareness, find out the information, and also focus on improving society, in order to understand ways to handle the epidemic situation. As the proactive steps, the first measure would be to prepare the government, next would be to develop an emergency plan and to control the situation from the future point of view. The governmental plans and taking action to control the spread in the outbreak (Poncian, 2019).

The course of the plan of action is to attain community engagement plans and devise an action plans, having a workable plan within the community to derive action plans to control the outbreak of EVD (Enria, et al, 2016).


The strategy would be assessing the risk which can consequently lead to symptoms, also opt to focus on deterrence, and identifying the ways to control the virus outbreak. The relation to the actionable plans and the training, that can be based on the spread awareness and it is necessary to step and to formulate ways to control the virus through creating awareness and by controlling the outbreak (De Weger, et al, 2018). The importance of education, to ensure and wash the hands regularly and to identify ways to control the outbreak areas can help in controlling the spread, for example, eating bush or to find out the ways to limited ways to control infected people, and ensure to take the proactive measures to control the inflectional procedures and to have the excellent command with an adequate control (WHO, 2018). Through the health emergency preparedness and the proactive response, it is important to have a leader with the steps to overcome resources and to develop ways in engaging the contingency plan if it is working out. It is important to have the active course of the planning committee and to use local resources with the infrastructure to have the trained volunteers to structure the informal or semi-formal team (World Health Organization, 2013).


Through the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention can be based on important measures and to take on adequate skills for the virus outbreak mentioned in table 1 (Chantler, et al, 2018). With the situation, the information can be attained through the information spread and the set trigger outbreak with the epidemic anticipation of the precautionary measures that could subsequently control the spread of EVD. The steps would be to control damages, to create the awareness programs, to be followed by the health professional expertise, and to be followed in all directions by the people. Through simple, concise, and detailed unambiguous ways, it is important to have the sign language and to make it understandable per the plans. The first step would be to detect the symptoms, to access the situation, and secondly to make the community prepare for the outbreak of the Ebola virus (Barlow, 2018).

It is important to handle the people through the issues of the dos and don’ts and to relate with the instructions that could create awareness at all levels to increases. Lastly, the first and primary detection can help to intervene and prevent the infections and ways to control the spread of infection and ways to handle the outbreak. Through the adequate medical authority and intervention of hospitals, such information related to the outbreak can be handled with detailed instructions dutifully.

With the adequate steps to control the spread of the awareness, is to allow the subject matter and by proving the hygiene measures, medication, and attain the platforms for the patient (De Onis, 2016). It is important that can help to examine primary information of the do’s and the don’ts and understand the doctor or nearest hospital that could estimate the infection symptoms. Through the check-ups and with the understanding of the ailment the procedure would be to take the medicines also adhere per tests. From the lens of the government body, it is important to ensure how the public at large would be able to understand general symptoms and relate to the prevention of medication (Alegbeleye, et al, 2019).

Table 1 Australian Emergency

(2013). Community Engagement Framework p.6.

Attorney-General’s Department emergency with the department.


Understanding of the general awareness rules and relating to the society that can help to improve the health officials, professionals, and relating to awareness programs. The people would be more aware of the information and it is necessary to understand the disease such as identifying the safety measures, in accordance with the prime importance ( Alegbeleye, et al, 2019)



To create a fair awareness program and it is necessary to have a clear message that can have a clear message to note the understood. An awareness campaign that can be based on the sign or symbol that can be related to recall value and further through the hire agencies, professionals that can create awareness.

To create awareness and ways to control the spread of the disease through the respective authority or agency. Understanding the information from the doctor and finding ways to control.

The role of social media can help to have better control over the communication channels, creating awareness, flag alerts to take corrective actions for the lives ( Costa, 2020).


To deliver the message as per broadcast alerts, advisories, and there are necessary ways additional health centers that could treat the people.


The identified government policies, that can be identified to the point of contact, and to create motivation for the volunteers


The sixth engaging based on adequate training measures that can be based on the epidemic scenario. It is based on the medicine distributing team, which can be an anticipated team and volunteers ( De Weger, 2018).

Table 1 Australian Emergency Management Institute. Community Engagement Framework(2013), World Health Organization (2015)

Through the epidemic outbreaks with the economic wealth that can create high levels of knowledge of epidemic creating and the situation be more strategic (Enria, 2018).

Conclusion on Community Health and Disease Prevention

In the end, it is important to have the engaging community plans to overcome the Ebola Virus and also to create the plans as the awareness spread, to exchange information, and there can be engaging groups. The groups can be attained at an individual level and it is better to organize and understand the spread. To include the symptoms or signs, a community can be eradicated and their knowledge to control and to devise the infrastructure. The collaboration like as community, medical centers, for the service providers having the consequent situation. Understanding the process of awareness happens, which could relate to the government's role and can attain a quick vigilance in relation to doctor or medical authority/hospital to overcome infection.

References for Community Health and Disease Prevention

Alegbeleye, A., Dada, J., Oresanya, O., Jiya, J., Counihan, H., Gimba, P., ... & Maxwell, K. (2019). Community engagement and mobilization of local resources to support integrated Community Case Management of childhood illnesses in Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of global health9(1).

Chantler, T., Karafillakis, E., Wodajo, S., Dechasa Demissie, S., Sile, B., Mohammed, S., ... & Larson, H. J. (2018). ‘We All Work Together to Vaccinate the Child’: A Formative Evaluation of a Community-Engagement Strategy Aimed at Closing the Immunization Gap in North-West Ethiopia. International journal of environmental research and public health15(4), 667.

De Onis, M., Onyango, A. W., Borghi, E., Garza, C., Yang, H., & WHO Multicentre Growth Reference Study Group. (2016). Comparison of the World Health Organization (WHO) Child Growth Standards and the National Center for Health Statistics/WHO international growth reference: implications for child health programmes. Public health nutrition9(7), 942-947.

Costa, G. B., Smithyman, R., O'Neill, S. L., & Moreira, L. A. (2020). How to engage communities on a large scale? Lessons from World Mosquito Program in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Gates Open Research4(109), 109.

De Weger, E., Van Vooren, N., Luijkx, K. G., Baan, C. A., & Drewes, H. W. (2018). Achieving successful community engagement: a rapid realist review. BMC health services research18(1), 285.

Enria, L., Lees, S., Smout, E., Mooney, T., Tengbeh, A. F., Leigh, B., ... & Larson, H. (2016). Power, fairness, and trust: understanding and engaging with vaccine trial participants and communities in setting up the EBOVAC-Salone vaccine trial in Sierra Leone. BMC Public Health16(1), 1140.

Fernandes-Jesus, M., Carvalho, A., Fernandes, L., & Bento, S. (2017). Community engagement in the Transition movement: views and practices in Portuguese initiatives. Local Environment22(12), 1546-1562.

Habib, M. A., Soofi, S., Cousens, S., Anwar, S., ul Haque, N., Ahmed, I., ... & Bhutta, Z. A. (2017). Community engagement and integrated health and polio immunization campaigns in conflict-affected areas of Pakistan: a cluster randomized controlled trial. The Lancet Global Health5(6), e593-e603.

Musesengwa, R., & Chimbari, M. J. (2017). Community engagement practices in Southern Africa: Review and thematic synthesis of studies done in Botswana, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Acta Tropica175, 20-30.

Poncian, J. (2019). When government commitment meets community proactiveness: governing gas and community engagement in Tanzania. Energy Research & Social Science52, 78-90.

Reynolds, L., & Sariola, S. (2018). The ethics and politics of community engagement in global health research.

Schlarb, M., & Musnikow, J. (2017). Community engagement in eco-industrial development. In Eco-industrial Strategies (pp. 100-111). Routledge.

World Health Organization, W.H.O (2018)

World Health Organization,. (2013). World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of (ISH) statement on management of hypertension. Journal of hypertension21(11), 1983-1992.

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