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Community Health and Disease Prevention

Introduction to Protecting Health Care Workers Against Covid-19

The following discussion is about the second wave of COVID 19 pandemic across Victoria. The discussion would also put light on the ways by which the infection originated again. It will analyze the causes and the emergency steps taken to curb the rate of infection and the involvement of the community in handling the situation in the right way.

1.The possible causes of the second outbreak of COVID 19 are the travelers who returned to the country. This can lead to the establishment of a chain of contraction which leads to the outbreak. While considering the Health Belief Model, the causes of an outbreak can be of many kinds. The opening of the international borders made the cases rising. It was a necessary step taken for the people who went to other countries for their occupation or studies. The winter season has also contributed to the growth of the cases. People tend to live in enclosed areas with less ventilation. The respiratory diseases contract faster in winters as compared to other seasons. The one who will be infected in the family can pass the virus to others. Studying the HBM, personal behavior, and age group also matters. This model works in two ways, the desire to avoid the infection and the personal behavioral change that can be brought in order to stop the infection. In this case, it can be related that at a point, the youth who have mild symptoms tend to infect the population to a larger extent. It must be known to them that symptoms can affect others in comparison to them. The HBM adapts a model that enables awareness through providing communication. This model helps in preparing tips to avoid contraction using mass media or social media. The awareness regarding any disease can help reduce the outcome if those tips are applied in the right way. For example, social distancing, sanitization, and maintaining a safe distance in places like shops(Sesagiri et al., 2020)

2.According to the Department of Health, Victoria, the communication strategies used included posters, social media packs, social media messages, and some other general instructions for the public. The posters included awareness messages for the public such as ‘how to wear a mask’ or ‘get yourself checked if suffering from these symptoms’ and a few more. Posters are the best and innovative ways to grab attention for any purpose. They are easy to make and are easily available. The creativity in it forces the person to have a look at it. It is an effective way to pass information. Social media packs are zip videos that help in providing instructions. Social media has worked positively incorporating knowledge about the disease(Goel & Gupta, 2020). The packs work on providing step by step measures on how to do a particular thing. These packs can be played as advertisements or can be displayed as small videos in restaurants or malls. The strategies also contained websites where the general public can check rising and curing percentages. Other important information is written on the websites that can help the public to create awareness. The symptoms of the disease, when to get checked, what is to be done if the report is positive, all the useful information is given on the website. The mental health during COVID 19 is also an important issue that is to be looked into during the lockdown. The strategies are quite effective in making the awareness possible and enabling the measures taken for the safety of the population(Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, 2020).

3. The emergency plan to curb COVID is the biggest utility required at present. The COVID positive cases have been rising and it has become important to stop the rates from growing more. The emergency plan includes dissemination of the information through social media. Various health organizations are using this platform to make people aware of the recent developments regarding the pandemic and the virus. The scientific research on COVID has also helped to clear doubts and misinformation being circulated on the social media platform. It is such now that due to the awareness, the panic situation that was built has been reduced. Many people who are infected are easily cured by using medicines that provide immunity and keeping themselves in self-isolation (Cowling & Aiello, 2020). This has also reduced the contraction at a good level. It can also be said that social media has proved to be a boon in spreading awareness(Merchant & Lurie, 2020). New approaches in health centers such as emergency care for COVID patients and special wards for COVID patients have been maintained according to the rising number of cases. The instant care must be given to the patients suffering from the disease can only be handled by using emergency care. Due to the efficient initiation of emergency steps, the curve had dropped down. Both approaches can be determined because the rise in the cases was suddenly controlled by the measures adopted by the center and the country(Merchant & Lurie, 2020).

4.The community response has been greater in decreasing the COVID infection. The community as a whole has worked on preparing themselves in giving a tough fight to the COVID. In response to COVID 19, the health workers are striving to achieve a maximum amount of facilities such as extra beds for COVID infected patients(Cavallo et al., 2020). The lower class and middle-class families who cannot afford the treatment expenses are provided with the insurance containing treatment packages. Other responses include following the mentioned measures such as washing hands, isolation, following the lockdown norms, and many more(Blakely et al., 2020). The community-based responses include cancellation of the gatherings in public or family gatherings such as marriages(Bedford et al., 2020). The new procedures for implementing lockdown has been suggested and meant to be carried out as well. The health care forces must also be provided with the kits that protect them from the infection. The medicines that must be taken to ensure the safety of the workers have to be kept in mind. The health workers have been the fighters in this corona pandemic. Therefore it becomes important for the community to understand the position in which they are working. The general public must cooperate with the health workers and respect them for their compassionate service(Mason & Friese, 2020). The public response has been seen widely using the N95 mask and the health workers must also use the mask for their safety(Iannone et al., 2020). The use of masks is widely appreciated and used globally. Enhancing hand hygiene can reduce contraction by touching. The website contains a phone number that can be contacted in case of an emergency(Department of Health and Human Services, Victoria, 2020). The clinical guidelines are also mentioned for the workers. These methods include community participation in fighting with this viral disease.

Conclusion on Protecting Health Care Workers Against Covid-19

By the thorough discussion of the COVID 19 pandemic impact, it can be well understood that it is important to withstand the situation with courage. Every part of the community and society is responsible for eradicating infections until the world gets a vaccine for the disease.

References for Protecting Health Care Workers Against Covid-19

Bedford, J., Enria, D., Giesecke, J., Heymann, D. L., Ihekweazu, C., Kobinger, G., … Wieler, L. H. (2020). COVID-19: towards controlling a pandemic. The Lancet, 0(0).Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30673-5

Blakely, T., Thompson, J., Carvalho, N., Bablani, L., Wilson, N., & Stevenson, M. (2020). Maximizing the probability that the 6-week lock-down in Victoria delivers a COVID-19 free Australia. The Medical Journal of Australia, 1. Retrieved from https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2020/maximizing-probability-6-week-lock-down-victoria-delivers-covid-19-free-australia

Cavallo, J. J., Donoho, D. A., & Forman, H. P. (2020). Hospital Capacity and Operations in the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Pandemic—Planning for the Nth Patient. JAMA Health Forum, 1(3), e200345–e200345. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1001/jamahealthforum.2020.0345

Cowling, B. J., & Aiello, A. (2020). Public health measures to slow the community spread of COVID-19. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiaa123

Department of Health and Human Services Victoria | Promotional material - coronavirus (COVID-19). (n.d.). Retrieved from www.dhhs.vic.gov.au website: https://www.dhhs.vic.gov.au/promotional-material-coronavirus-covid-19

Goel, A., & Gupta, L. (2020). Social Media in the Times of COVID-19. JCR: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology, 26(6), 220–223. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1097/rhu.0000000000001508

Iannone, P., Castellini, G., Coclite, D., Napoletano, A., Fauci, A. J., Iacorossi, L., Gianola, S. (2020). The need for a health policy perspective to protect Healthcare Workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. A GRADE rapid review on the effectiveness of the N95 respirator. PLOS ONE, 15(6), e0234025.Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0234025

Mason, D. J., & Friese, C. R. (2020). Protecting Health Care Workers Against COVID-19—and Being Prepared for Future Pandemics. JAMA Health Forum, 1(3), e200353–e200353. Retrieved from:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamahealthforum.2020.0353

Merchant, R. M., & Lurie, N. (2020). Social Media and Emergency Preparedness in Response to Novel Coronavirus. JAMA. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.4469

Sesagiri Raamkumar, A., Tan, S. G., & Wee, H. L. (2020). Health Belief Model-based Deep Learning Classifiers for Classifying COVID-19 Social Media Content to Examine Public Behaviors towards Physical Distancing (Preprint). JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. Retrieved from: https://doi.org/10.2196/20493

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