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Refugee community in Australia.
Goal setting and strategic planning.
In this assessment the chosen community is of refugees who are living in Australia. Refugees’ community requires social support from the host country so that they can easily resettle themselves and start their lives over again. This community is particularly interesting due to the fact these are people who have suffered atrocities in their birth land and have moved to another country despite many obstacles to start their live again (Koehler, & Schneider, 2019).
This community is important for the social work career as these people require more support from the host societies. This is because they are found to suffer from a range of problems like psychological illness, financial, health issues, housing, education, language barrier etc (Fozdar, & Hartley, 2013). This community is important for the host country and its societies because most of them are given permission to stay on humanitarian grounds which is one of the values upheld by Australia. Further, their assimilation benefits the country as they supply labor to its industries and help in increasing demands for services and products. Additionally, the refugee community enhances the cultural diversity of the country which has positive impacts on the individuals of the country as they are able to learn about different cultures.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the challenges faced by the refugee community in Australia. With this paper, it is aimed to highlight the challenge of seeking employment in this country. It is also aimed at providing recommendations for helping the refugee community find employment get settled in this country.
In this section, community mapping is done for the refugee communities. In this, the needs, demographics, resources, perspective etc. are assessed for ascertaining the social programs are able to provide maximum benefits. Refugees are the people who have left their land of birth so as to save themselves from prosecution (Pacione, Measham, & Rousseau, 2013). The United Nations grants the official status of refugee or it is granted by any third-party nation, for instance Australia. From the year 1947, Australia has accepted over 900,000 refugees. Australia has relocated and permanently sheltered 18,750 refugees since 2019 (Refugee week, 2020).
Below is a chart showing the chief 11 countries whose citizens were granted an offshore humanitarian visa to relocate to Australia between 1 July 2015 and 30 June 2018. Majority of the refugees belonged to Iraq who were granted this visa.
Most of the refugees have taken shelter in New South Wales and Victoria. The pie chart given below shows the percentage of refugees settling in different Australian states.
Since 2018, Australia has relocated 23,002 refugees. The population of refugees have predominantly young age with majority of male under 35 years of age. The average rate of unemployment was less than 6.5 per cent in Australia for the last 15 years. 38 percent of the refugees who were resettled in Australia between 2000 and 2016 were working, 10% were not employed and 50% did not work at all. Although 81% of them belonged in the age group of 15-64 years. An assessment of 2400 recently relocated refugees showed that for the first 30 months after arriving, most were employed. Out of which 43 per cent were in temporary employment in contrast to 25 percent who were in secure employment (Migration council of Australia, 2019).
The refugee communities in Australia needs to have employment so that they easily integrate in the societies and start over their lives. Employment for the refugees is important as it helps in the restoration of their lives. It improves their lives financially, socially and psychologically in the host societies. However, owing to many barriers pointed below they are unable to find proper employment in this country.
The main obstacles faced by the refugees in the employment market are as follows:
Due to these reasons, a person who is most suited for a particular job is rejected as they may face difficulties in presenting themselves during the standard recruitment processes. The employer is then unable to assess them in that situation.
From the above assessment it is clear that the refugees suffer from many obstacles when finding a job in this country. Sustained employment is important as it speeds up the integration of the migrants in the Australian societies and also makes the longer-term settlement viable (Kooy, & Wickes, April 1, 2019). Therefore, social work organizations have to devise strategies and programs so that these barriers can be removed for the refugees. The social work organizations have to set up priorities and goals for increasing the rate of employment in the refugee communities.
It is found that the refugees are unable to find job due to lower levels of English proficiency, lack of government assistance in seeking employment, lack of social network, non-recognition of educational credentials from the other countries, discrimination, lack of work experience in Australia and no knowledge about the recruitment practices of this country. Amongst these problems faced by the refugees in seeking employment, the priority areas have to be set up where the social work can be provided. Following are some of the priority areas where the social work organizations can render their services so as to enhance the employment rate in the refugees.
This will help them in easily integrating with the host country. Therefore, the refugees can then improve their lives by having financial means that can be used for supporting their family needs of housing, education, health and other needs.
In order to achieve the above selected priority areas, it is important to set up SMART goals and plan strategically. It is thereby recommended that the social work organizations must take the following steps for enhancing the employability of the refugees in this country.
The refugees face a number of challenges in settling in the host country. However, with a good employment they can restore their lives and fulfil their basic needs. This helps them in supporting themselves and their families. It is recommended that the social networks must give support to the newly-arrived refugees for starting a new life. Further, the proficiency in English is an important factor in ascertaining the refugees are able to seek employment and are able to settle in this country. Hence, the recommended goals for the selected priority areas can be implemented so that the average rate of employment can be enhanced in the country. Thereby, the refugees will have easier settlement and they will feel welcome in this country.
Abdelkerim, A. A., & Grace, M. (2012). Challenges to employment in newly emerging African communities in Australia: A review of the literature. Australian Social Work, 65(1), 104-119.
Cameron, R., Farivar, F., & Dantas, J. (2019). The unanticipated road to skills wastage for skilled migrants: The non-recognition of overseas qualifications and experience (ROQE). Labour & Industry: A Journal of the Social and Economic Relations of Work, 29(1), 80-97.
Fozdar, F., & Hartley, L. (2013). Refugee resettlement in Australia: What we know and need to know. Refugee Survey Quarterly, 32(3), 23-51.
Karlsen, E. (2016). Refugee resettlement to Australia: What are the facts? Retrieved from https://www.aph.gov.au/About_Parliament/Parliamentary_Departments/Parliamentary_Library/pubs/rp/rp1617/RefugeeResettlement
Koehler, C., & Schneider, J. (2019). Young refugees in education: the particular challenges of school systems in Europe. Comparative Migration Studies, 7(1), 28.
Kooy, J. V. & Wickes, R. (2019). Settling migrants in regional areas will need more than a visa to succeed. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/settling-migrants-in-regional-areas-will-need-more-than-a-visa-to-succeed-114196
Migration council of Australia. (2019). Australian employers’ guide to hiring refugees. Retrieved from https://www.tent.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Tent_Australia_V6.pdf
Pacione, L., Measham, T., & Rousseau, C. (2013). Refugee children: Mental health and effective interventions. Current psychiatry reports, 15(2), 341.
Refugee week. (2020). Statistics on refugees. Retrieved from https://www.refugeeweek.org.au/statistics-on-refugees/#:~:text=Australia%20has%20welcomed%20more%20than,or%20permanently%20protected%2018%2C750%20refugees.&text=More%20than%2075%25%20of%20asylum,been%20found%20to%20be%20refugees.
Wali, N., Georgeou, N., & Renzaho, A. M. (2018). ‘Life is pulled back by such things’: Intersections between language acquisition, qualifications, employment and access to settlement services among migrants in Western Sydney. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 39(1), 85-101.
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