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  • Subject Name : Early Childhood

Matching Principles with Examples

The room is divided into learning areas and each area is partially enclosed by furniture and equipment with clearly defined areas for traffic flow. Active areas are separate from quiet areas. – c

Learning areas are set up permanently with certain provisions always available within each area for children e.g. Blocks in the block area. – e

The area is designed with low furniture and easily, accessible toileting and handwashing facilities so that Educators can oversee all areas – g

Table and chairs are set up to define how many children can engage in an activity at any time; learning areas provide opportunities for children to be alone and play with others. There are multiples resources to prevent conflicts. Soft furnishings reduce noise levels – h

An indoor/outdoor program is utilized to allow maximum opportunities for children to interact with a variety of materials and engage in sustained play. – d

Outdoor areas fenced, include self-closing gates, and provide adequate shade. Climbing structures are kept away from fences – a

The learning environment has photographs of all children and their families displayed Learning areas have wide access points to ensure all children can access the area. There are artifacts and displays from the local Aboriginal people available to children. – b

Furniture is at child height and resources are placed within children's reach – f

Children Learning and Development - Part A

Children under 6 months –

  1. Pick and drop - the baby should be provided with a ball and asked to drop it inside the bucket.
  2. Soft toys – the baby should be given soft toys of different alphabets or animals that encourage him/her towards study/knowledge.

Children of 6-12 months –

  1. Peak-a-boo – babies enjoy this game a lot. Hide the face and then unhide it with a smile and say HI and while hiding says BBYE.
  2. Build it up – the child should be asked to join the simple blocks so that a building or a structure can be made. Such skills develop thinking skills.

1 - 2 years –

  1. Puzzles – the child should be provided with simple puzzles to complete and solve.
  2. Toy cars - the baby should be provided with toys cars or trains so that they are encouraged to walk or crawl.

2 - 3 years –

  1. Copy me – the teacher should ask the child to copy in dance or other exercises. This makes them active and energetic.
  2. The child should be given coloring books so that they recognize the picture and color them accordingly.

3 - 5 years –

  1. The child should be made to play and kick balls and run after them.
  2. They should be writing books so that they copy their teacher/educator and write the same letter in their notebooks.

4 - 5 years –

  1. Group activities – joining the complex boxes together to build a figure.
  2. Couple activities – children should be asked to plant a sapling together.

Children Learning and Development - Part B

Playspaces for infants and toddlers need to take into account safety aspects such as choking hazards trips and falls – true

Children do not learn as much in outdoor environments as they do in the indoor environment. - false

The Regulations and Standards require all center-based services to provide an outdoor play space that allows children to explore and experience the natural environment. – true

Educators should involve children in establishing routines that keep them safe. – true

Open-ended materials should be avoided for babies and toddlers. – true

Environments for young children should be aesthetically pleasing. invite participation, and stimulate interest, curiosity, and explorations. – true

Educators need to assess safety within the play environment whilst at the same time ensuring they provide challenging and promote risk-taking – true

Children Learning and Development - Part C

 The educator should encourage the child to come to the school with his/her parent/guardian only. The child should be taught discipline and should be instructed to perform activities as per the instruction of the educator/teacher. The educator should always appoint a teacher per 5 children to ensure that their teachings and activities are under the teacher’s supervision. The sharp objects should be kept far away from the reach of the children.

Children Learning and Development - Case Study 1

Children Learning and Development - Part A

  1. The children’s emerging interest in coordination and physical activities. As they saw the man on the road digging the road they got fascinated as similar steps is done while planting a sapling in the garden. Moreover, the big machines that were constructing the road were similar to the small train/car toys of the children. So, they were interested in new and big tasks to take part in and perform more physical works than indoor or sitting tasks.
  2. The 3 resources are - a working model of bulldozer and road construction site, a battery runs excavator toy – a small toy to be run by children under 2 years and a big toy to sit and operate to run for children above 3 years. However, a drawing book of different types of road construction machines for the children. These will foster interest in children.
  • The pink color of the Bulldozer and a drawing book for both boys and girls can be used so that both the sexes are also interested in using it. This will develop awareness among the children that both boys and girls can take part in every activity.

Children Learning and Development - Part B

  1. The child on seeing his newborn sister feels like he gets another new family members or a friend to play with or share his toys, drawing books, or other stuff. His excitement also shows that he is interested in communication, interaction, and more social activities to get in touch with new people/members in his life or family.
  2. The child can be provided with a sand platform so that he can make sandcastle along with his friends. This will help in building up his confidence for interaction and enjoyment. Other, a baby dog or kitten can be brought to the school center so that he understands the care and support to be delivered to a new and small member of the family. Another, organizing a group game in which each team will sow a seed and take care till it grows. This will make the child understand that care and love are provided to new and small lives and will excite him as well when his plant will start growing.
  • The use of kitchen-sets and toy cars will promote both boys and girls to play with each other. This will create awareness that either boy or girl can play with any of the toys irrespective of their sex.

Children Learning and Development - Case Study 2

Block play – a) postures showing children building blocks, b) different shaped blocks like a star, circle, or rectangle can be placed in the area, and c) alphabet printed blocks should be used in block areas to promote children’s learning.

Sandpit play – a) plastic models of nature-related items, b) bridges for running cars, and c) stencils can be used in such areas so that children learn about nature and motor skills.

Playdough – a) animal-related stencils to know about animals, b) different colored dough to learn about colors, and c) artificially made models so that children can learn to create it by copying it.

Water play – a) water organisms should be placed like sharks or octopus, canals, b) balls to learn about motor skills and c) boat/ship models to learn about science, floatation, and balance.

Children Learning and Development - Case Study 3

Children Learning and Development - Part A

Eva should be a) provided with her favorite toys and b) she should be asked to sit with her friends so that she is encouraged to sit and participate in activities.

Children Learning and Development - Part B

Greg should be a) given his favorite car/snacks and b) he should be explained about the disciple that every other child is following. This will make him understand that disciple is important and he will sit with others.

Children Learning and Development - Part C

Harry will be given with other activities so that he continues to learn.

He should be asked to have a look at the activities of other participants to encourage him for the same.

Children Learning and Development - Part D

Jessica will be taught about nature and animals to increase her interest.

She will be asked to sit close to either teacher or her friends so that she feels happy and safe.

Children Learning and Development - Case Study 4

Children Learning and Development - Part A

The children learned about different shapes and sizes.

The children learned about the concept of comparison among different items.

Children Learning and Development - Part B

Anna can plan to ask the children to compare the shapes of their food with other related objects around them in the room. She can also ask them to identify the color of their food and match them with what they have learned throughout the entire day.

Children Learning and Development - Part C

  1. During nappy change time, the child should be asked about the differences in color in his/her nappy. The child should be asked to recite a poem as well until the nappy change takes place.
  2. During packing away, the child should be asked to they should be asked to relax and encourage them for social participation by general conversation motivation. The child should be told new words related to his/her daily activities to make her/him aware of new things.

Children Learning and Development - Case Study 5

Children Learning and Development - Part A

As the children are exposed to new and interesting exposure they will get fascinated with magazines and posters and will get involved in learning, motor or thinking skills and their knowledge will boost their confidence as well.

Children Learning and Development - Part B

  1. The educator showed responsive teaching and scaffolding – the educator arranged books and posters related to water animals for the children. The educator also encouraged children to draw their ideas in the books as well. Therefore, the educator responded to children’s interests and expanded their learning through interactions, open-ended questions, and feedbacks.
  2. The educator found that the pr-school children were talking about sea creatures. So, the educator planned an outdoor experience for the children to encourage them to follow their interests and learning. The educator also managed to add books, magazines, and postures in the center so that the children can explore more and discuss as much as they want about their growing interests. Moreover, to encourage children more the educator asked them to draw their ideas so that each child can have a look other the ideas of other children as well.

Children Learning and Development - Part C

  1. Pre-school children do not know much about water animals this experience will be an exposure to many new things to them.
  2. This experience will develop an interest in them to know about how animals can swim or survive underwater.
  3. They will learn about new vocabulary and develop social interaction by participating in such activities.

Children Learning and Development - Part D

The 2 vocabularies can be octopus and whale. The information about how many legs octopus have and how a whale survives inside water can fascinate the children to know more about them.

Children Learning and Development - Part E

  1. The educator should increase the use of models or postures while learning so that visualization can help the child to remember and grasp things more quickly.
  2. The educator should focus on using modern technologies like working models, flash screens, or automated devices so that the child is encouraged to daily visit hi/her pre-school.
  3. Proper behavior management should be done at the end of the educator so that he/she never gets angry with any child and promote them to follow discipline.
  4. The educator should encourage cooperative activities which help the children to develop confidence, motor/critical thinking skills, and increase social interaction.
  5. A warm welcome and goodbye to the student can help in increasing their engagement in classrooms and excitement to come the next day for study as well.

Remember, at the center of any academic work, lies clarity and evidence. Should you need further assistance, do look up to our Early Childhood Assignment Help

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