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Review of Article 1
Review of Article 2
Review of Article 3
The first article taken under consideration for critical review is titled "A randomized of Asthma internet self-management intervention RAISIN: study protocol for a randomized control trial”. This article was particularly written by authors like the Deborah Morrison, sally Wyke, Neil C Thomson, Alex Mc Connachie, and few others. The subject matter of this article was to brief about self-centered prevention management programs with special reference to use of the internet to help people overcome Asthma related problems by themselves especially important because many a time spending on medication in HSC centers and other means is costly and therefore one should know how to take care of self from asthma-related conditions, one should identify the symptoms so that it can be taken care off from the ground level. This article has mentioned a change of practice concerning the action plans that need to be taken to deal with this problem. To do this, it has carried out a thorough research methodology involving clinical control trial ie parallel randomized control trial for 3 months.
The overall examination was based on questions that they were provided with their corresponding scores and it tried to understand the primary outcomes and the secondary outcomes and the medication used and how far people are aware of its effect on an individual. Carpenter et al., (2017) explained that further to this, it also talked about necessary intervention as much as one of the leading up health problems affecting globally. More than 300 million people are continuously trying out ways so that they can fight against this Asthma either with the support of doctors or with the support of themselves. This article has however talked about referring to internet-based sources and self intervention plans in terms of evidence-based practice to deal with the overall health problems. In the first place, it can be done by adopting daily action controls and identifying the main means so that Asthma and its chronic effects can be solved right from the root level. Therefore it has not only mentioned the pilot studies but also mentioned the results and it identified that the overall data use is feasible, is reliable as well as usable for the researchers as well as for the readers.
Ahmed, (2016) said that this also explained that asthma can be treated cost-effectively by self intervention and in doing so it has taken the reference from the Australian handbook which propagates the importance of self-service intervention to fight against any problems from Asthma. In this case, the primary symptoms of asthma start from having breathing problems while coughing and wheezing and other forms are faced. The first article has attained parallel support of taking self-management interventions as a substitute for hospital care which is otherwise quite expensive. Therefore it has highlighted the use of this intervention and how it can successfully replace hospital-based care. It talked about the use of internet-based care by which breathing problems can be solved. Thirdly it has focused on taking care of self intervention as a cost-effective means to replace the problem as well as the treatment processes. In this, it has maintained the Australian Asthma handbook guidelines which had been referred to for reference in this article. The reference about ACQ score based on asthma control questions which have talked about the corresponding score to understand the health status of a person, self intervention, and other means.
McLean, (2016) explained that the second article that has been chosen for critical review is titled as "Internet-based self-management plus education compared with usual care in Asthma, written by Victor Van der Meer, MD Moira J Bakkar, Wilbert and few other authors. It has explained about self-care in terms of maintenance of evidence-based practices is essential to fight from Asthma. To do this, the second article took the help of scientific studies ie randomized trial in individuals of Netherland based perspective. The research started on 200 adult individuals for an overall period of 3 months. Asthma conditions were studied to understand the various techniques which are used to treat asthma-like that of asthma control monitoring group and education about treatment based behavior and several other techniques and the results of all these methods were underline.
It highlighted in terms of numerical patterns how is it has essentially talked about relying on self intervention by using internet groups to understand how the initial problems can be dealt with through self-management. This means it has would try to draw a parallel line with the first article which also talked about internet support and how it is used as a replacement for hospital-based care. This guidance was also obtained from the Asthma handbook guidelines which specifically tells about providing education to people so that they can get adequate information, or if they are already suffering from it, they can take care of themselves, in terms of popular healing for themselves. One possible solution is to use inhalers well aligned with the placebo device to deal with breathing problems and other problems associated with asthma. These means can be studied utilizing self intervention techniques by which one can understand the forms of medical aid that are required at the right moment to protect from Asthma-related conditions.
Maricoto et al., (2019) said that basically asthma is caused by several means like that of airborne substances, dust, and other means of respiratory infections like the common cold or some physical activity or cold or air pollutants. The intervention has to be carried out through internet-based self-care management and self intervention techniques. Above all means, it talks about the differences in conditions of individuals who adopt to self-care means as against individuals who referred to hospital care means. This article also showed comparative analysis in the form of percentage figures for individual rates. In the first case, it was 63% for those who referred to internet support, in the other case the percentage was only 52%. It highlighted the number of points together. By carrying out the self intervention, one can reduce exacerbations and get by taking care of self, rather than being admitted into hospitals, and quite easily improve health condition and quality of life.
Ansari et al., (2020) explained that by critically overviewing the subject matter of the first article, as well as the second article on self intervention, programmed carried out to treat as effective, certain points had come out. First of all, it was said that my use of an internet-based group one can find quick, easy support returns of the day to daycare rather than having to go to the hospital. Secondly, it is a cost-effective means. Thirdly one can have a hold over the health status which explained through scientific studies using randomized control trials and their corresponding results. In both cases, references were acquired from the Australian handbook which helped to understand self intervention means, primary symptoms of asthma, necessary action plans that need to be taken, psychosocial factors which are associated with this disease, and several other means. The first article explained utilizing a randomized control trial on young individuals to understand how self-support means is important. Again in the second article also, it talked about self-management, and to do this it talked about certain medications as well as a reference to inhalers and other means.
Kim, (2020) explained that however this used intervention on other individuals. In this case, it was used 200 respondents and their corresponding results were checked. In the first case, the young individuals were treated for 12 weeks and it can be ranged for 16-year-old individuals, in the second means the treatment was done on 200 individuals to come to a common point. All this explained that asthma is full of symptoms, causes, and several other means, regarding which individuals need to seek for self ideas. Asthma is caused when an individual’s airway somewhat gets narrowed and he or she cannot breathe properly. This creates difficulty to breathe. There is some production of extra mucus and there is a problem in swelling, coughing, breathing wheezing followed by shortness of breath. Therefore this is one of the most serious problems in the UK, the USA, Australia, and several other countries and it has to be cured of the ground level. To do this, one has to understand the self-care means right from the internet-based self-management program. Both the articles used primary analysis ie primary quantitative means, in terms of scientific studies, to bring down the main components associated with self-management and monitoring.
In the first place, it talked about how information can be gathered, how communication can be added, and how far the opinion was met on this. Also, it talked about scientific patterns ie use of algorithms. Another means to understand about self-treatment services, corresponding scores, and opinions from question-based feedbacks from the respondents were monitored. In this case, the article shows the results ranging between 0.5 to 1 and 1-1.5 with discrete analysis, on each of the conditions.
Ahmed, S., Ernst, P., Bartlett, S. J., Valois, M., Zaihra, T., Paré, G., Grad, R., Eilayyan, O., Perreault, R., & Tamblyn, R. (2016). The effectiveness of a web-based asthma self-management system, my asthma Portal (MAP): A pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 18(12), e313. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.5866
Ansari, S., Hosseinzadeh, H., Dennis, S., & Zwar, N. (2020). undefined. npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, 30(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41533-020-0171-5
Carpenter, D. M., Roberts, C. A., Sage, A. J., George, J., & Horne, R. (2017). A review of electronic devices to assess inhaler technique. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports, 17(3). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11882-017-0684-3
Kim, Y. M., Yu, M., Moon, H. R., Ju, S. Y., Lee, G. A., & Kim, M. J. (2020). undefined. Patient Education and Counseling, 103(4), 717-723. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2020.02.005
Kohler, B., Kellerer, C., Schultz, K., Wittmann, M., Atmann, O., Linde, K., Hapfelmeier, A., & Schneider, A. (2020). undefined. Deutsches Aerzteblatt Online. https://doi.org/10.3238/arztebl.2020.0064
Kohler, (2020) said that
Maricoto, T., Correia-de-Sousa, J., & Taborda-Barata, L. (2019). Inhaler technique education in elderly patients with asthma or COPD: Impact on disease exacerbations—a protocol for a single-blinded randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open, 9(1), e022685. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022685
McLean, G., Murray, E., Band, R., Moffat, K. R., Hanlon, P., Bruton, A., Thomas, M., Yardley, L., & Mair, F. S. (2016). Interactive digital interventions to promote self-management in adults with asthma: Systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12890-016-0248-7
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