Socratic intellectualism is a word used for two separate but connected metaphysical characteristics of Socrates. Socrates was an academic hero since he claimed that knowledge encompasses all value in any way (Bussanich 2013). Socrates was also an intellectual motivator, as he claimed that all human acts were in every sense the product of what the agents felt was better for them at the moment of acting. Socrates is known as a motivational intellectualist as he argues that doing what you believe is right for you is not the same as doing what you desire. Socrates agreed that people should do what they believe is better for them what he opposes is the definition by Polus of doing what one feels is right to achieve what one wishes (Bussanich 2013). The aim of this essay is to shed some light on the concept of cocratic intellectualism with the help of credible sources.
Socrates' intellectualism has proved to be both a spur and a hurdle in understanding him as how such a superbly intelligent man could fail to realize that intelligence is not enough to be good and as he is being followed for happiness. Socrates' ethical intellectualism leads him to believe that once people gain virtue knowledge they would be able to tell what great things to do are in all circumstances, and will do it. Therefore, they're always going to act well and be happy. However, the shift from knowledge to action seems highly dubious (Nehamas 1999). Socratic intellectualism's view is that the decisions often obey and flow from what considers to be best, despite the choices one is aware of at the time of the act. From Socratic intellectualism, it follows that if someone does wrong, it represents and is to be explained by the same kind of mistake that one above-identified only with unintentional wrongdoers (Boeri, Mittelmann and Kanayama 2018).
Socrates believed that knowledge or insight often achieves behavioral results since the action is often driven by beliefs. For example, one may think that the glass of water in front of him is poisonous, and he shall not drink it- unless one may also feel that death would be easier for him than living, considering his present circumstances, for example, say painful terminal cancer. This rationalist view that action is only influenced by believing in what is good, and is often called intellectualism as the means to that good. Intellectualism highlights cognitive states (beliefs) while egoism highlights impulses. Socratic intellectualism was part of his peculiar argument that no one does wrong knowingly. Accordingly, humans are playing word games to Socrates when they realize that their choices are incorrect. Socrates' basic psychology and intellectualism led him to believe that all evil is a result of ignorance, that no one can intentionally injure themselves. For Socrates, the experience of the virtue of wisdom goes beyond abstract comprehension of justice for right and wrong and means living justly, living honorably, and well in the highest sense (Soccio 2009).
Reshotko's report makes the strong argument that "Socrates wasn't a moral philosopher." Instead, he was a theorist who learned one basic truth about the human motivation system. All desire is for the better, and it must be disambiguated what Socrates means by this; it is not a desire for the obvious good, but the real good. Thus there is a relation in the world between the desire of a person and good things or states of affairs against which desire drives omni presently. To grasp this motivation principle, one need to see that Socrates implies whatever circumstance or behavior the agent is most beneficial for good. Therefore, the individual who is hurt is likely to be less noble and therefore more prone to harm others. These people are creating bad companions and they have no room for healthy living. The wise citizen, thus, prevents harm in seeking self-interest, and thus rewards others (Ahbel-Rappe 2008). The notion of Socratic will is intended to convey a truth about the basic structure of human motivation (Segvic 2000).
In light of the above one can conclude that Socratic Intellectualism is a persuasive account of human motivation as the theory of Socrative intellectualism, the person acts in knowledge rather than in ignorance which leads to human motivation to live well, act responsibly and sensibly. Therefore, Socratic intellectualism motivates the human to live a righteous life.
Ahbel-Rappe, S. 2008. Socratic virtue: Making the best of the neither-good-nor-bad (review). Classical World, 101(4), pp. 550-551. DOI: 10.1353/clw.0.0019.
Boeri, M.D., Mittelmann, J., and Kanayama, Y. 2018. Soul and mind in Greek thought. Psychological issues in Plato and Aristotle, New York City: Springer International Publishing.
Bussanich, J. 2013. The Bloomsbury companion to Socrates, London: Bloomsbury Academic.
Nehamas, A. 1999. Virtues of authenticity, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Segvic, H. 2000. No one errs willingly: The meaning of Socratic intellectualism. Wiley Online Library. Pp. 1-45. Retrieved from http://ancphil.lsa.umich.edu/-/downloads/osap/19-Segvic.pdf
Soccio, D.J. 2009. Archetypes of wisdom: An introduction to philosophy, Boston: Cengage Learning.
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