Social Work Theory and Practice

Contents

Introduction.

Impact of issues on children, youth and families.

Evaluation of the policy.

Theoretical and Ethical frameworks.

Conclusion.

Recommendations.

Reference.

Introduction to Issues Faced by Families in Australia

It has been identified that families face various issues like managing chronic pain including separation or divorce, the pressure at work, unemployment financial problems, alcohol abuse, disability of a family member, domestic violence, and many more. These issues are responsible for affecting the overall lifestyle and well-being of the children's youth as well as family. Due to these issues family cannot function effectively and It results in different kinds of psychological and emotional problems (Middleton et al. 2017). Furthermore, children and youth exposed to domestic violence face more mental, emotional, and social damage that affects their overall development and growth. Due to these issues, children also lose their able ability to feel empathy for others. Some children also feel socially isolated and they are not able to make friends. However effective response Strategies and policies must be required to deal with these issues and handle the children and family affected by the violence. One of the major issues is that domestic violence, child abuse, and other issues are measured as an accepted element of our civilization. Now the domestic violence is politically considered as one of the most serious issues in Australia. It is the responsibility of the Government and other policymakers to give the same degree of attention to this issue to improve the overall well-being of the families. Furthermore family is the most important institution in society and it is also very complex. One of the negative aspects of family life is the impact of domestic violence on women children and youth. The main aim of this analysis is to assess the social issues faced by families in Australia.

Impact of Issues on Children, Youth and Families

Children face various difficulties when it comes to observing and facing domestic violence. These sentiments include anxiety, fear, and trauma. However, it is difficult to comprehend the coping expertise children react with so there is an understanding of the diverse experience that children face and how these communicate to their overall well-being. In this case, children witnessed violence and exhibit behaviour. It is the responsibility of caregivers to provide maximum safety and care to the children (Poon, Cassaniti, Sapucci & Ow, 2020). It has also been identified that domestic violence increases Health Care cost as it can cause training on emergency services. Furthermore, communities which have high rated domestic violence pay higher taxes. Some abuses also prevent victims from seeing their families to separate them. When Children reach teenage years their cognitive skills and possessions for adjustment have typically reach the stage of growth which includes both their family dynamics and outside social networks like Peer groups. In the stage, they are becoming conscious that there are dissimilar ways of thoughts, sentiment, and acting in the world. The children who are exposed to domestic violence have become isolated as they find it complex to connect in a more optimistic way of social communication. The impact of family knowledge on domestic violence on some groups of children is further compounded by the experience of discrimination and marginalization (Seymour, 2019). Furthermore group of children and young people who are particularly vulnerable including aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children, children with disabilities, and ethnically and linguistically assorted backgrounds. Evidence also specifies that the act of family and domestic brutality manifests differently depending on the development stages of the children. It has also been identified that the women and children are habitually forced to depart their homes to escape household and family violence and they experience wide shock. The victims are highly affected by physical emotional and psychological stress. They also face difficulties in making social connections. It has also been identified that domestic violence in indigenous families and communities in Australia is currently at a level of severe concern. In 1990 aboriginal and Torres strait islander Commission briefing document recommended the Australian aboriginal affairs Council that the rising injury and wounded are a result of interpersonal hostility (Day, 2016). Furthermore, physical assault is usually linked with emotional abuse and native victims of domestic violence. This clearly shows that domestic violence is the most serious issue and is affecting people from diverse backgrounds. In society, people who have been facing violence are more probable to be treat as if they are mentally unwell or unstable than two provided with an agenda that will fulfil their requirements. However, the recent program initiatives in Australia have starting to react to the explicit and unique desires of the indigenous people. 

Evaluation of The Policy

Many Australian intervention programs have been designed to deal with a wide range of issues including domestic violence. The current instance of an incorporated approach to domestic violence specified that the NSW government has initiated a program called ‘’it stops here’’: safer pathway, which is the shared promise to improve the family reaction and formally violence through collaborated integrated and service provision. The continuing assessment of this agenda also highlights the degree to which the concerns are domestic violence crosses social groups in Australia. One of the effective parts of the policies focuses on the incorporation of the risk assessment tool. With the help of risk assessment tools, it will be easy to recognize the stage of danger to the sufferer allowing resources to be privatized for victims who are at high risk. Also, the tool should be used by law enforcement responding to all the cases of domestic violence (Strobel et al. 2020). The government has also designed a large number of supporting programs for the families. The people affected by domestic violence need an extensive range of support services counting support to eradicate themselves and children from an aggressive partner and preserve their security in some instances. Child abuse and neglect is a major issue in Australia with high prevalence and profound long-term effects. It is one of the major social issues faced by families. It has been identified that Social Work professionals are committed to maximizing the well-being of individuals and society. According to the social workers, It is highly complex to maintain a dual focus on both assisting with and improving human comfort and recognizing, tackling any external issues that may influence on well be such as equality and justice and discrimination. Australian Association of social workers is the key professional body that represents more than 7000 social workers throughout Australia (Liao & Huang, 2020). The main aim of this professional body is to maintain well-being and to enhance the quality of life of individuals, families, groups, and communities. The professional bodies are responsible for working with Australia's primary people; sustaining people to attain the best probable level of personal and social value and addressing equity and Justice affecting the life of clients. They are also working to attend human civil rights and social fairness through social progress methodical change.

Theoretical and Ethical Frameworks

The effective frameworks include both policy and operational elements. It has been identified that the family brutality interference development has a policy rather than a lawmaking basis and comprises policing trial, remedial services for youth and family services, and victims of the crime organization. Furthermore, the efforts are synchronized by a committee and shared by the victims of crime coordinators. To improve the policy, it is necessary to understand the diverse experiences of violence. Furthermore, policymakers must identify how they can better respond to individuals. The policymakers highlighted that the brutality against women and children is one of the most severe subjects they face in society and has been explaining as a worldwide public health difficulty of outbreak scope which requires imperative action (Ghafournia & Easteal, 2019). Besides, the policies must be able to provide legal and crisis support services so that the victims will be able to provide the necessary information. The government has also designed an effective Framework that outlines a commitment and values that notify the work of professionals concerning the household and family brutality. Besides, the Framework is more than a strategy statement and it aids the personnel with choice-making and requests of carefulness by the official for social accommodation. All decision-making about the conditions of domestic violence must be considered in light of its consistency with the principles, promise, and understanding expressed in the structure. It has also been identified that society and administration must work jointly to generate an incorporated service arrangement that tackles the requirements of women and kids experience violent behaviour (Kuskoff & Parsell, 2020). The accommodation and the public services in its decision-making policy completion and everyday practices linked to domestic and family brutality is direct by basic values including:

  • The instant and lasting protection of women and children is supreme
  • The greatest attention of the child must be continued women's account of domestic and family cruelty including our understanding of its impact and linked security this will be established.

It is also necessary to understand that domestic violence is the cause of homelessness for women and kids all over Australia. Furthermore tackling homelessness as a result of domestic and family aggression desires a lasting incorporated approach that engages a range of interference from primary deterrence and early intrusion to disaster and post-crisis reaction and enduring plan. The two types of support are significant in supporting women impacted by domestic violence (Coomber et al., 2019). The social workers make sure to provide secure, protected, and reasonable accommodation. They provide a range of crisis and post-crisis support including outreach and support with housing, health, lawful counsel, and other support as long as necessary. Policies highlighted that the workers are committed to their role and government partners to make sure and integrated responsive women and children experiencing domestic and family violence. The framework also puts a major emphasis on ensuring that Institutions provide high-level training to the staff so that they can handle sensitive cases in the most effective manner. 

Conclusion on Issues Faced by Families in Australia

It has been concluded from the overall analysis that domestic violence is one of the most prominent issues faced by families in Australia. However, numerous issues are affecting the overall well-being of the families including separation, unemployment, financial problems, and disability, and many more. The analysis specified that the families are highly affected by domestic violence and it is one of the major causes of homelessness in the country. Furthermore, women and children are highly affected by this issue. Besides, it is also a major cause of different psychological problems and affects the overall development of children. It has also been identified that effective policies and frameworks are designed by the Australian government to tackle violence and abuse. The theoretical and ethical framework is designed to guide the social workers so that they can effectively deal with the victims of domestic violence in the country. Also, the policies put a major emphasis on providing necessary resources, support, and legal advice to the family affected by domestic violence. Also, the Australian government has designed different legislations and acts to deal with the issues and provide maximum support to the victims. The analysis revealed that domestic violence is increasing day by day which means that the policies are not effective enough to deal with the issue in the most effective manner. However, an integrated and effective approach is required to understand what exactly causes violence and make necessary and appropriate solutions for the family affected by the issue

Recommendations on Issues Faced by Families in Australia

  • The policy management is necessary to help incorporate family violence action in support events and defensive interference and also to promote the growth of assessment of complete and cross problem interference that can consider outcomes.
  • The development of monitoring approaches and tools is required to assess the overall effectiveness of the policies in the country. The state parties must ensure that service professional health and safety anti-discrimination laws provide sufficient fortification to working women pretentious by home aggression and all the resources to assure training, information, and examination of these laws. 

Reference for Issues Faced by Families in Australia

Cheong Poon, A. W., Cassaniti, M., Sapucci, M., & Ow, R. (2020). Wellbeing and experiences of Chinese and Vietnamese carers of people with mental illness in Australia. Transcultural Psychiatry, 1363461520952629.

Coomber, K., Mayshak, R., Liknaitzky, P., Curtis, A., Walker, A., Hyder, S., & Miller, P. (2019). The role of illicit drug use in family and domestic violence in Australia. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260519843288.

Day, G. E. (2016). Migrant and Refugee Health: Advance Australia Fair?. Australian Health Review40(1), 1-2.

Ghafournia, N., & Easteal, P. (2019). Help-seeking experiences of immigrant domestic violence survivors in Australia: a snapshot of Muslim survivors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 0886260519863722.

Kuskoff, E., & Parsell, C. (2020). Preventing domestic violence by changing Australian gender relations: Issues and considerations. Australian Social Work73(2), 227-235.

Liao, W., & Huang, H. (2020). Parents’ Perceptions and Management of Children’s Learning of Chinese as a Heritage Language: A Case Study of Cross-cultural Families in Australia. Theory and Practice in Language Studies10(10), 1218-1226.

Middleton, P., Bubner, T., Glover, K., Rumbold, A., Weetra, D., Scheil, W., & Brown, S. (2017). ‘Partnerships are crucial’: an evaluation of the Aboriginal Family Birthing Program in South Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health41(1), 21-26.

Mulayim, S., Jackson, M., & Lai, M. (2016). Domestic violence in Australia: a wicked problem. In Domestic Violence in International Context (pp. 187-201). Routledge.

Seymour, K. (2019). (In) Visibility and recognition: Australian policy responses to ‘domestic violence’. Sexualities22(5-6), 751-766.

Strobel, N., Moylan, C., Durey, A., Edmond, K., McAuley, K., & McAullay, D. (2020). Understanding an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child’s journey through paediatric care in Western Australia. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health44(2), 95-101.

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