• Internal Code :
  • Subject Code :
  • University :
  • Subject Name : Taxation Law

Part-1 Solution:

Fringe Benefits Tax

Fringe benefit are those payment made by employer to employee other than by way of salary. Employee means any employee who serve or serving in current, past or future. It also includes director of the company and a person being beneficiary of trust involve in activity in relation to business.

There are different types of fringe benefit can be provided such as providing interest free loan to employee, providing facility for use of car by way of personal purpose, benefits in relation to salary sacrifice arrangements, reimbursement of several expenses on behalf of employees.

The employer is liable to pay tax on such fringe benefit is known as fringe benefit tax. It is in nature of other than income tax.

As mentioned above, allowing employee for use of car for private use is covered under fringe benefit and employer needs to pay fringe benefit tax. Two methods can be used to calculate fringe benefit tax in relation to car fringe benefit which is statutory and operating method. Beneficial method for employers can be used for such calculation.

As per Chapter-7 of Australian Income Assessment Act, Taxable value of fringe benefit under operating cost can be calculated by product of operating cost and percentage of private use reduced by amount of employee contribution.

As per taxation ruling, it is mentioned that where car has been purchased on or after 1st April 2008, 25% depreciation should be taken on car for the purpose of calculation of taxable value.

Hence, Taxable value = $ 13750*40%-1000

                                    = $4500

Operating Cost                                    = $55000*25% = $ 13750 (Depreciation)

Employee contribution                        = $900 (Fuel Cost)

Percentage of private use of car          = 4000/10000 =40%

In accordance with chapter 8, fringe benefit guides to employers, where the employer provided loan to employee at interest rate less than statutory rate, the difference amount of interest calculated at such statutory rate and interest rate at which loan has been given shall be deemed as taxable value of fringe benefit. The statutory rate of interest for loan commenced on April 2018 to March 2019 is 5.20 %. Hence, taxable value of fringe benefit in respect of interest free loan provided to Maria is $13000 ($500000*5.20%*6/12).

The amount of fringe benefit tax is calculated as follows:

Type of Fringe Benefit

GST Credit

Non -GST Credit

Taxable value of fridge benefit



Gross up rate



Gross up value



Total Gross up value




Part- 2 Solution:

As per ATO, income arising on sale of rental property shall be includible in assessable income of assesses. Any income on sale of rental property shall be taxed under head of capital gain. Capital gain shall be calculated as the difference between the sale proceeds and cost bases. The cost base is nothing but cost incurred in relation to acquisition, holding and disposing and selling of such asset. It is further included in law that any expenses which is in nature of capital expenses such as valuation fee, stamp fee shall be included as cost base.

In accordance with rental properties guidelines, any cost in relation to interest on loan, principal payment of loan, stamp duty, legal fees have been exclusively disallowed expenses for the purpose of deduction from rental income. It also stated that it is in nature of capital expenses and can be included as cost base. Any repair and expense incurred which is in nature of capital expenses can be included as capital cost base. Any commission on sale of property can be deducted while calculating capital gain.

In instant case, Dominic incurred expenses in relation to fixed door and replacing the entire roof which is nature of capital expenses. Hence It will be included as capital cost base.

As per ATO law, it specifically exempts from capital gain in respect of sale of personal car subject to car has been designed to carry fewer than 9 passenger and 1 tonne. At the same time, it also exempts collectible value of less than $500. Collectible includes the antique clocks.

Sale of shares and securities will attract capital gain provided that any share purchased on before 20 September 1985 is not leviable to tax.

Statement Showing Calculation of net capital gain or net capital loss of Dominic’s for 30 June 2019:


Sales Proceeds

Cost Base

Capital Gain

Rental properties




less: agent's commission




Acquisition cost




Interest on home loan




loan application, valuation fee and legal fee




stamp fee




legal fees




door fixing cost




roof replacing cost




Capital Gain on rental properties




Capital Gain Discount @50%




Net Capital Gain








less: Acquisition cost




Capital loss on refrigerator




BHP Billiton Limited Shares




less: Cost of acquisition




Capital gain on sale of shares




Capital Gain Discount @50%




Capital Gain Discount @50%




Net Capital Gain




Antique clock




less: Cost of acquisition




Capital gain on sale of antique clock




Capital Gain Discount @50%




Net Capital Gain




Net Capital Gain (Total)




Part-3 Solution:

As per ATO, any expenses which is incurred in relation to earning income whether directly or indirectly can be claimed as deduction. It is also mentioned as above that any fringe benefit or fringe benefit tax paid by employer can be claimed as deduction under Australian income tax assessment act.  However, no such expenses can be claimed as deduction which is incurred for personal purpose and is in nature of capital expenses.

Any salary and wages paid by employer to employee can be claimed as business expenses and allowed as deduction for the purpose of calculation of the tax.

In the given case, Dominic incurred salary expenses, fringe benefit and fringe benefit tax in relation to wages. In addition to above, He also incurred amount of $55,000 for private health insurance of employee. These are in nature of expenses relatable to earning and accordingly allowed as deduction.






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