Educational Leadership and Management - Part 1

Key Questions to Enable Dialogue that Will Guide Pre-Service Teachers on A Day to Day Practices of Early Childhood Education and Care Services

  1. What beliefs or theories drive your practice?
  2. What is your chosen pedagogy and how does it influence your practice?
  3. What practical aspects of pedagogy are highly effective in your context?
  4. What aspects need re-thinking or changing?
  5. What are your specific desired learning outcomes for children who are there in your setting?
  6. What elements in the environment you designed which builds trust in the child makes the child feel secure even when they are away from their parents?
  7. If a child refuses to interact with a child of different ethnicity for any reason how you facilitate acceptance and friendship between them?
  8. Do children with disruptive family backgrounds show different behavior than their peers and how do you care for such children?
  9. What are your guidelines for the families?
  10. Which philosophies your center is based on?

Educational Leadership and Management - Part 2

Examine the Center Service Statement of Philosophy

The center's beliefs and values are in alignment with the Early Years Learning Framework (2009). They believe that every child deserves an education and learning in a safe, warm environment which can facilitate their growth and teach them appropriate life skills to excel in life and become healthy individuals and lead a high-quality life.

The center provides children with a high quality of education and care: plays are set up and are incorporated to teach children in a fun and friendly way. They incorporate intentional teaching strategies into their curriculum. from the series of videos, it is evident that the center emphasis to teach children to instill in them qualities of care, patience, teamwork, building habits of routine, helping each other, problem-solving thinking, decision making. They are leaning fairness and being just through play in external and indoor environments. They are being thought to recognize dangerous situations and what they should do in such situations. Putting their safety first to make them feel secure and love. The philosophy believes in nurturing a child's uniqueness and give them a sense of freedom to interact. through plays, children learn to explore their environment, which is a set up built to provide children with safety and they are encouraged to interact with various elements of their environment. Children learn to interact with each other with respect and friendliness. They work as a team to realize the importance of each member. Children learn to accept and welcome diversity through their interaction and plays together

Most plays and environment in which the children engage in are nature-based and eco-sustainable: the center supports eco friendly approached to teaching and provide children with opportunities to have positive interaction with nature. The center stands in support of children's rights. Different approaches are being applied to teach children with continuous improvement to employ the best and most effective learning techniques. Values in the continuous development of curriculum for children, which is most benefiting and up to date. The center puts value in building positive relationships with children's families to professional communities to make their practices such that the children are benefitted to the fullest with their approaches.

Educational Leadership and Management - Part 3

Review of The Video Provided

From the provided videos it was quite evident that the center focuses on providing a rich environment for the development of children. The following were the characteristics and features of the environment pointed out through the videos. Various learning activities were set up so that the children interact with their environment to learn: through such interaction they learn various skills such as building ideas, coming up with solutions on their own, learning about safety, group work helps them become more friendly, build friendships with each other kids. The environment was spacious where the child can learn and play with other kids. The classroom was decorated with colorful posters to which makes it looks aesthetically pleasing and attract children's attention and stimulate learning. Children were seen exploring and engaging themselves into the activities set up sir them they were interacting with their environment through various elements like building blocks a make-belief fence from a cardboard etc are some of the examples.

It shows that children were actively engaged in learning as they feel safe and protected in the center's environment. According to ACECQA Children only start to explore and seeks to learn a new thing when they feel secure and when they can trust the adults around them. An outdoor learning environment was set up for the children: the children were seen to be connecting with nature and exploring natural surroundings. There are different spaces in the environment where learning in children can take place: such as an area for games, plays, blocks, art, and craft. Through these activities help children learn in a fun way, where they feel safe as well. Educator's key role is in planning and guiding children in their learning process. A warm, friendly health relationship was established between children and their educators which was evident through the videos.

How Quality Area 3 (physical Environment) of The National Quality Standards Are Aligned to Achieve Children’s Outcomes

According to Quality Area 3 of National Quality Standards: Physical environment. A high-quality physical environment is the one that is safe, appropriate, and consists of a variety of stimulating experiences which assist early age learning in children.

According to ACECQA and environments for children is positive and capable of producing positive learning outcomes in children when it is a safe environment, consisting of caring and warm friendly nurturing, and loving relationships. Children cannot learn to their fullest if they do not feel safe in their environment. Children only start to explore their emotions and seek to learn a new thing when they feel secure and when they can trust the adults around them. There is a need for a positive established relationship between the child and their immediate caregiver. their relationship needs to be consistent and the educator/ caregiver should be responsive and listening to the child the center fulfills these qualities as it checks all the boxes of the elements required to build a safe and warm physical environment for the children to assist in their high-quality learning outcomes.

The following elements are what make the center physical environment high quality

  • The physical setting quite colorful, filled with toys and games and board
  • The educator plans a series of stimulating activities in both indoor and outdoor environments such as building fences, building superhero walls, getting the ice out of the containers, doffing cam fire pit, running game, etc
  • All the above-mentioned activities had a lesson which the children were able to grasp
  • The educators were very responsive and planned activities keeping the children in the centerThe educators had established a positive relationship with the children through activities and guiding them through various lessons, solving their problems, facilitating their learning by prompting them to think and learn (Froese, N. et al, 2003).

Educational Leadership and Management - Part 4

Apply Knowledge and Understanding in An Analytical Approach to Learning

The analytical approach aims to teach children with special needs. They require a unique approach to help them assist in their process of learning. Children with special needs can learn every skill that a regular child can however they need more support and attention with assistance throughout their learning phase. The behavioral analytical approach is different from traditional education approaches. All such children require is a dedicated professional and some patience and care (Huffpost, 2016).

Leadership Practice in The Early Childhood Context

It is well recognized that leadership plays a vital role in the successful working of early childhood education and care settings. Committed and highly skilled leads help to mold the learning process and education practices to benefit children's learning process. According to research effective leadership stands second in the list of influences to teach after teaching. a patient leader Is linked to ways in which students learning outcomes can be improved (Leithwood et al., 2006, Mitgang, 2012).

The following are the expected leadership practices that can positively influence early age learning. 

  • Supporting and advocating children's right and respect diversity at their setting
  • Build positive and respectful relationships with families, staffs, children, colleague
  • Support and build a community of learners.

Importance of Family Engagement and Communities on Learning

  • Engagement of families and Parents improves the effectiveness of teachers in exploring the students they serve. Parents have information about their child such as their strengths, needs, assets, etc. such information helps the teacher in making appropriate instructional decisions. Through the effective engagement of parent and community, educators can access the vast parental knowledge of a child and can better assess a child's learning power. It is important to recognize in the partnership of the parents, communities, and educators, each participant has a unique perspective to offer to improve the learning of a child.
  • According to Research a strong engagement of parents and community members in the leading and education of a child positively impacts the child's achievements and outcomes
  • Increased engagement of family in a child's learning is associated with high literacy acquisitionrates among children (Hanover Research, 2018).

How the Sample Center Can Support Relationships in NQS Area 6

Quality Area 6 under the national quality framework relates to Collaborative partnerships of families and communities in a child's learning. Quality Area 6: aims to recognize the importance of engagement of family and community members in the learning process of their children to generate positive outcomes (ACECQA, 2017).

The following are how the child service center can support relationships and collaborative partnerships

  • Inviting and encouraging families to visit the service center once before enrolling their child and also often during their enrollment in the center.
  • Communication and interactions between the center staff and the parents can be facilitated by the center. In these meetings, the families can convey their expectations from the center regarding the learning of their child.
  • The center can ask the families to share information of their child so the educators have better response and can make informed decisions
  • The center should allow parents to stay with their child during the settling in period
  • The center can allow families to contact the service and staff especially their child’s educator/s during the day whenever they want the educators to teach the families to develop and a routine of saying goodbye to their child

Educational Leadership and Management - Part 5

Critical Reflection and Analysis of Your Leadership Experiences and Learning in Terms of Effective Pedagogies and Leadership Strategies for Quality Early Childhood Education

According to ChildAustralia educators facilitate children's learning by subjecting them to a planed environment which is reached in routines and play-based experiences linked to learning and developing a child's uniqueness and development; using developmental theory, educators observe children trying to make sense of the world around them, forming judgments and seek new knowledge with enthusiasm and anticipation. 

During my placement, my planning will be based on developmental theory. I will design different learning activities such as plays: high-level learning on the subject of the play e.g. safety, helping, respecting others, etc games, group activities, displays, etc. The activities will be planned in such a way children get ample opportunities to interact with their environments.

I will discuss with my mentor about an effective pedagogy strategy to facilitate children's learning. An understanding of the importance of leadership and pedagogy practices for high-quality children's learning is crucial especially for early childhood care and education settings. An effective pedagogy will produce learning for children which is rich in values essential for the positive growth of a child. A child learns through his/her's environment. Their development depends on the circumstances they are in hence intentionally subjecting children to an environment by educators, which is designed to contain various elements such as games, plays, stories, and other activities with a goal that helps them develop as they learn. Exploring, playing, and working in teams together, helping each other facilitates early developments in physical, emotional, cognitive, and social aspects. They will learn to respect each other, help, be fair to one another, etc (Douglass, 2019). Collaborating with a mentor to develop a curriculum to facilitates high-quality early age learning.

After implementation:

The children responded quite well to the curriculum designed for them. They were curious to learn and seek new knowledge. They participate in plays, in team activities; they were very engaged in arts and drawing.

  • pedagogies and their outcomes:
  • routines: instilling positive habits, being able to care for themselves and
  • Plays on different themes and topics: e.g. safety, friendship, helping, etc.
  • Storytelling with morals: helps instill a sense of fairness and justice
  • Art and craft: gives children the freedom of expression and communicate better
  • Games: helped them build relationships with each other and open communications among themselves.
  • Question answers: questions such as what they want to become, who do they admire, what is their favorite game and why etc. this helps the child feel like he/she is being heard and they are important, it will facilitate confidence in children
  • Cultural activities: helps them understand and accept differences and celebrate with kids belonging to different ethnicity would help them be more tolerating and a positive individual.

References for Educational Leadership and Management

Froese, N. et al. (2003). Learning Outcomes and Indicators for kindergarteners. New York State Education Department, 40, 1-10.

Leithwood, K., Day, C., Sammons, P., Harris, A., & Hopkins, D. (2006). Seven strong claims about successful school leadership. England: National College for School Leadership, 22, 1-10

Mitgang, L. (2012). The making of the principal: Five lessons in leadership training. Perspective:The Wallace Foundation,19, 1-15

Froese, N. et al. (2003). Learning Outcomes and Indicators for kindergarteners. New York State Education Department, 40, 1-10.

Douglass, A. (2019). Leadership for quality Early Childhood Education and Care. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, 211,1-31.

Child Australia. (2015). what is pedagogy? Retrieved from: https://childaustralia.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/CA-Statement-Pedagogy.pdf

ACECQA. (2017). Quality Area 6 – Collaborative partnerships with families and communities. Retrieved from: https://www.acecqa.gov.au/nqf/national-quality-standard/quality-area-6-collaborative-partnership-with-families-and-communities

HuffPost. (2016).The Behavior Analytic Approach to Early Education. Retrieved from: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/the-behavior-analytic-approach-to-early-education_b_5794fe3be4b0b3e2427c8c51

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