The present research aims to examine the impact on anxiety levels that cyberbullying has on young adults and further if problem-focused coping impacts the relationship between cyberbullying and anxiety levels. The first hypothesis was supported by results to some extent. Different anxiety levels were reported by young adults with different experiences of cyberbullying, though the results were not that statistically significant. Young adults who experienced cyberbullying experienced more anxiety in comparison to the adults who have never experienced cyberbullying in their life or have experienced cyberbullying once. The focus of the current study intends to expand the study of the relationship between cyberbullying and anxiety (Campbell et al., 2012; Schenk & Fremouw, 2012) across three levels of victimization. As far as the second hypothesis is concerned, it was noted that the results partially support that problem-focused coping has a positive correlation with anxiety levels in young adults who faced cyberbullying, who never faced cyberbullying, and who experienced a single-episode of cyberbullying. Problem-focused coping, had a positive correlation with anxiety, for young adults who never faced cyberbullying in their life, as opposed to young adults who had experienced cyberbullying at least once in their life who reported a negative correlation between problem-focused coping and anxiety levels. However, such a correlation was not significant. These findings do not only show any significant difference in anxiety across victimization levels but also, directly contradict the findings of Campbell et al., as the result of anxiety levels are indifferent in participants who have been a victim of cyberbullying and participants who have never been a victim of cyberbullying.
The findings of the current study were not strong enough to detect a relationship between anxiety and levels of victimization though it cannot be said that there was no relationship present at all. Researchers may detect this relationship in future by replicating the study done with a larger sample. The result did not show a noteworthy correlation between the factors involved. The study even sought to establish whether (Vollink et al., 2013) findings of conventional bullying and its effects on health could be extended to cyberbullying among adults. However, the results showed no such significance. The results received could be used in future for implementing further an efficient coping mechanism, which would have effective insinuations in the psychological status of victims of cyberbullying. It is to be noted, that the conducted study could have had methodological errors, which went unnoticed as the overall findings did not reveal any suggestive correlation. Not to mention that there was a relative sample size (n=224) limitation in the current study, which could have been a reason of indifferences in anxiety levels among young adults. To attain a more holistic understanding of connection concerning anxiety and levels of cyberbullying victimization researchers could redo the study with larger sample size and obtain a generalized view altogether. Further, while evaluating problem-focused coping and its effect on anxiety the researchers could use longitudinal design instead of cross-sectional design as cross-sectional design restricts the understanding of results as it becomes difficult to mark all the causalities. This would in turn help practically as there could be a huge reduction in negative psychological outcomes of cyberbullying as a result of an effective coping mechanism. One of the other shortcomings of the study was the use of questionnaires. Questionnaires have a quality of being susceptible to response and are usually a target of bias. Due to the stigma and shame related to cyberbullying (Machackova, Cerna, Sevcikova, Dedkova & Daneback, 2013), the participants tend to show bias and dishonesty while answering the questionnaire. The participants tend to assume the result that the researcher is looking for, and change their answers to the questions according to such an assumption. By increasing the sample size, the researcher can overcome this limitation while conducting the research. However flawed this study maybe it lays down a strong foundation for future references. The hostile effects of anxiety are well-acknowledged in previous kinds of literature hence it becomes crucial for future researchers to understand the positive impact of coping mechanism on psychological outcomes for cyberbully victims and to maximize the effect of such impact. With the increasing use of the Internet, cyberbullying has become even more prominent and alarming, it is essential to develop coping mechanisms, which would appreciably increase the mental health of cyberbully victims.
Also, further research should be done for the betterment of society and the coming generations. Researchers should pay attention to other aspects like Depression, Hostility, Paranoid ideation and other possible negative aspects as the growth in these areas might be adversely affected.
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