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The Measurement of body fat using anthropometric measurements is the proven approach for measuring the relationship between hypertension and body fat. The details of the patient are given as she has
Height: 173 cm
Weight: 76 Kg
Waist circumference: 89 cm
The Waist circumference would be: 35.039 inches and the normal range are less than 35 inches.
BMI: Height: 5 feet 8 inches, weight: 167.55 pounds = 25.5 BMI. The normal BMI lies between 18.5 – 24.9.
Hence, Rose is at the risk of hypertension as the BMI and waist circumference both are slightly high than normal (Soltani, Shirani, Chitsazi et al., 2016).
Rose is at the risk of hypertension based on the results calculated from BMI and Waist circumference. The strategies that she should adopt for dietary management are:
Rose consumes a diet that is high in sodium like salted peanuts and date slice. She also consumes alcohol as 2 glasses of red wine. At present, she is at the early stages to develop hypertension. She must take appropriate steps to control on diet and lifestyle changes (Paula, Viana, Neto, et al., 2015)
Paula, T. P., Viana, L. V., Neto, A. T., Leitao, C. B., Gross, J. L., & Azevedo, M. J. (2015). Effects of the DASH diet and walking on blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes and uncontrolled hypertension: a randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Clinical Hypertension, 17(11), 895-901. https://doi.org/10.1111/jch.12597
Soltani, S., Shirani, F., Chitsazi, M. J., & Salehi‐Abargouei, A. (2016). The effect of dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet on weight and body composition in adults: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. Obesity Reviews, 17(5), 442-454. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12391
Storniolo, C. E., Casillas, R., Bulló, M., Castañer, O., Ros, E., Sáez, G. T., ... & Martínez-González, M. A. (2017). A Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil or nuts improves endothelial markers involved in blood pressure control in hypertensive women. European journal of nutrition, 56(1), 89-97. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10091154
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