Urban policy refers to the theoretical and methodical activity by a public specialist aimed at the development of cities. The goals of urban policy are derived from the recognition of main urban development issues and their status and actions in the national settlement and regional structure (Crivello 2015). This essay is going to analyze the case study of urban development policy planning challenges in the green square, Sydney.
Green Square is an urban development project and a Landcom’s novel inner-city projects. To enable the large scale Green Square development, the supervision set up a state development company as in Pyrmont-Ultimo (Ang et al. 2018). It is a brownfield urban restoration project in inner Sydney. It was initially recognized for redevelopment in 1996 and is projected to be finished by 2030. The supremacy of Green Square’s land usage and set-up development is split between the native government (Sydney), and the NSW (New South Wales) government. The prior is mainly responsible for land use development and the provision of local infrastructure like local roads, society facilities, and parks. However, the latter is accountable for offering major public transport, roads, health, and social education infrastructure (White 2014).
With the increased community of Green Square, there has been increasing pressure to local infrastructure. Moreover, there has been an increased necessity in terms of green and refreshment spaces, Upgradation to footpaths, trees, and more. There were also issues related to the capacity of the current water infrastructure. During the period from 1996 to 2005, there have been numerous planning issues like there was a lack of complete collaboration. Further, the growth of the town centre was impracticable as funding for the vital infrastructure was unsettled. There was no funding assistance from NSW supervision and land had not been set aside for public transport or other state infrastructure (Marchettini et al. 2014)
Green Square does not have a wide-ranging and verified emergency awareness plan to deal with fire, outbursts, or other traumas that need comfort of access and outlet for main responders. An inclusive catastrophe management and readiness plan must be established and normally tested. The plan must be united with the state disaster plan and established as per international norms. Furthermore, currently, most of individuals in Green Square are renters’ with a considerable number of persons living in assembly houses. It can be said that the imbalance between the demand and supply of the novel housing can put them at risk of accommodating unfortunate renting situations. It is true to say that principal to the vigorous urban development is energetic transport that endorses walking, riding, and the usage of public vehicle to lessen car usage. In this regards, Sydney City must support for revising and assessing certain factors important for its implementation. Besides, there is a lack of green space proportional to individuals. It is essential to endorse outdoor activity across the life cycle mainly for older ones, children, are socially-isolated ones. Thus, in regards to overcome the issue, the city of Sydney must improve the quality and capacity of open spaces, to actively protect the green grid, and so on (Reddy and Taylor 2019).
Further, the issue was related to having just one typical public primary school in the Green Square city. Thus, a suitable number of such schools must be developed in the town for the benefit of children at large. It is noteworthy that internal environments restrict prospects for child development thus; there must be a plan to review the building size, storage spaces, and thickness. Government must also consider the indoor playing areas for the better development of children within the city. Furthermore, there is a great need to lessen the impacts of weather excesses and decrease the greenhouse emissions. The city of Sydney is trailing a light-coloured roadway in other areas and observing the impact of heat. It must support the development of an urban corridor, and green forest that ensures zero emissions. Besides that, the planning issue was also related to a lack of spaces for the forthcoming developments like schools, society-owned facilities and health services. Therefore, there must be a reservation of compartments of land for reasonable spaces that facilitate community-led social groups. The population will change and age over time. There must be procedures for quarantining of land for aged care facilities must be established. Further, habitat III, as an international benchmark, must be followed. There must be permission for places to be modified to suit the desires of older people like supporting the bathrooms and staircases so that adjustments become promising.
Environmental sustainability is one of the major challenges facing the urban development of green square. The major issues in regards to this are infrastructure funding, climate change, flooding, land ownerships, traffic & transport, and more (White 2017). The main aim of the urban redevelopment of Green Square is to create an environmentally sustainable dwelling that is to be attributed as a Green star community. Furthermore, it aims to form a private native electricity distribution system that will distribute power between communal amenities in the town Centre. It enables the allocation of small carbon and renewable energy between constructions. Moreover, the entire town Centre housing progresses along with the city’s communal amenities and open spaces will be associated to a reprocessed water system that is nation’s largest housing Stormwater garnering and treatment system (Reckien et al. 2017). Besides, the key to unlock the progression of Green Square was the resolution of flooding problems. It needed a commitment from Sydney and its water system to invest $ 126 m in a trunk drainage system. It offered private developers confidence to invest in housing rooms and commercial constructions. It can be said that the urban development project like Green Square definitely will result in greater density societies. Further, they can develop a more sustainable and livable city and place wherein individuals desire to live if done properly (Australia 2018)
From the above case study analysis of urban development project of green square planning issues, it can be concluded that the planning of Green Square had a long development and is certainly a case of the old saying Rome was not constructed in a day. The initial planning for the same was started in early 1996 with the development of the south Sydney development corporation. The supremacy of Green Square’s land usage and set-up development is split between the native government (Sydney), and the NSW (New South Wales) government. There have been numerous planning issues like there was a lack of complete collaboration. Further, the growth of the town centre was impracticable as funding for the vital infrastructure was unsettled. Moreover, it can be inferred that planning for this does not have a wide-ranging and verified emergency awareness plan to deal with fire, outbursts, or other traumas that need comfort of access and outlet for main responders (Hu 2015). It can also be concluded that environmental sustainability is one of the major challenges facing the urban development of green square. The major issues in regards to this are infrastructure funding, climate change, flooding, land ownerships, traffic & transport, and more.
Ang, I., Rowe, D., Stevenson, D., Magee, L., Wong, A., Swist, T. and Pollio, A. 2018. Planning Cultural Creation and Production in Sydney. [Online] Available at https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Alexandra_Wong5/publication/341901212_Planning_Cultural_Creation_and_Production_in_Sydney_A_venue_and_infrastructure_needs_analysis/links/5ee0b63d299bf1d20bdecd2f/Planning-Cultural-Creation-and-Production-in-Sydney-A-venue-and-infrastructure-needs-analysis.pdf [Accessed on 12 September 2020]
Australia, I. 2018. Planning liveable cities. A place-based approach to sequencing infrastructure and growth [Online] Available at https://www.infrastructureaustralia.gov.au/sites/default/files/2019-06/ifa_225232_planning_liveable_cities_report_2018_fa_web_lr.pdf [Accessed on 12 September 2020]
Crivello, S.2015. Urban policy mobilities: The case of Turin as a smart city. European Planning Studies, 23(5), pp.909-921.
Hu, R. 2015. Sustainable development strategy for the global city: A case study of Sydney. Sustainability, 7(4), pp.4549-4563.
Marchettini, N., Brebbia, C.A., Pulselli, R. and Bastianoni, S. eds.2014. The Sustainable City IX: Urban Regeneration and Sustainability (2 Volume Set) (Vol. 191). WIT press.
Reckien, D., Creutzig, F., Fernandez, B., Lwasa, S., Tovar-Restrepo, M., McEvoy, D. and Satterthwaite, D.2017. Climate change, equity and the Sustainable Development Goals: an urban perspective. Environment and Urbanization, 29(1), pp.159-182.
Reddy, A. and Taylor, N. 2019. Green square: Enabling urban renewal through effective flood risk management. In WEC2019: World Engineers Convention 2019 (p. 1815). Engineers Australia.
White, D.A. 2014. Green Square Town Centre: the making of a sustainable town centre in a city. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 191, pp.75-86.
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