Identify and Support Children and Young People at Risk 

1. Explain how Matt would engage Toby using Child Focussed work practice (include information gathering and decision making)

Ans: To engage Toby using child focus work practice, Matt would engage Toby by promoting activities that would help develop his potential domains. It would be made sure that the safety is ensured and the environment is kept safe so that the child can experience healthy development of his mind and cognition. An environment must be made in order to enable Toby to make his own decisions so that he would understand the effects that the decision would have on his life. All the needs of the child must be kept in mind before implementing any decisions on them. The adults must be reliable enough so that the child must feel safe and secured and the harsh effects of abuse that he has been going through can be pacified with compassion (Dagan et al.,2016).

2. Toby discloses to Matt that he is a victim of sexual abuse; Discuss how Matt should respond to Toby and what information will Matt need to explain to Toby?

Ans: Matt must respond to Toby in a sympathetic way. He should make Toby understand that whatever he has been going through is not natural and he must inform it to his mother. Matt must assure the child that he has done the right thing in sharing whatever he has been going through.

The majority of abusers are close relatives. In that case, the child might feel guilty in accepting and confronting the scenarios. He may feel threatened as well because the abuser can harm him for revealing the secret to others. He must assure Toby that he would be given protection in all ways in order to stop the abuse followed by reporting against the abuser (Fortson et al., 2016).

3. Identify the Federal and State legislation reporting requirements in relation to suspected cases of child abuse. Include both mandated and voluntary.

Ans: In case of any child abuse, mandatory reporting is done by professionals such as teachers, doctors, nurses as they are the ones who frequently deals with children. The abuse must be reported to the local child protection agency in the case of the unknown abuser. The mandatory reporting for the known abuser of a relative can be reported under the child protection Act 2007 of the area. The mandatory reporting has been found helpful in reporting the abuse cases and hence confidentiality is maintained in this case so that the person who is informed about the abuse must be protected and not be subjected to any harm under any circumstances.

The voluntary reporting does not come under any jurisdictions but reporting abuse voluntarily can be acting good towards the child and making sure that the child would be provided with protection. It can be done to protect the child from abusers and make the child feel that he is safe and secure (Nelson & Pritchard, 2016).

4. As Matt’s supervisor you have advised Matt to make a report, what information will he need for the report. Identify the agency Matt will report to and what the organization’s role in protecting children? Include how the organization should respond

Ans: For reporting the abuse, Matt would require the history of Toby including his family background. The behavior that Toby illustrates would also be noted. His behavioural changes and the things he is accustomed to do can help in giving hints on the problem that has been occurring with him. The instances where he showed the magazine containing nude pictures hinted in the misbehavior by such a kid. His habit of intake soft drinks in place of having food, all these maladjusted behavior denied that something was wrong with him. The agency that Matt would report to is the Children and young person protections Act 1988 that works for the child welfare who are at the risk of harm and it can also be notified to the Director-General of the Community services of the area. This can be done because it would help decrease the risk of another harmful potential.

The organization must immediately make sure to reach the abuser and with the help of the law must take action against the abuser. Further steps that should be included are helping the child to get out of the zone of abuse by providing proper guidance and counseling (Gallo et al., 2018).

5.Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development describes the impact of social experience across the lifespan; from infancy to adulthood. Identify and explain the stage of child psychosocial development Toby is at, and how this would impact on the way a professional will work with Toby.

Ans: According to Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, there are several stages that cover the human emotion and thought process from infancy to adulthood. Toby is in his early adolescence or teenage years where there is a sense of confusion in identity approaching in the mind of the teenager. In this stage, there is confusion and conflict in developing the identity of self. A mind storm is experienced with confusion of the self and identity. If the stage is successfully completed with proper guidance and help from a mature adult, the rest of the stages of life remain strong. Teen years are followed by impulsion and confusion about what is to be done. The abuse that Toby has been facing can affect his mind and soul adversely which can lead to the accumulation of hatred and criminal behavior. Better counseling can help to cope with the insecurities and timidness that he has been dealing with. It would eliminate negative behavior and help him with his future goals (Syed & McLean, 2017).

References for Working with Children and Young People

Dagan, S. W., Ben-Porat, A., & Itzhaky, H. (2016). Child protection workers dealing with child abuse: The contribution of personal, social and organizational resources to secondary traumatization. Child Abuse & Neglect, 51, 203–211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.10.008

Fortson, B. L., Klevens, J., Merrick, M. T., Gilbert, L. K., & Alexander, S. P. (2016). Preventing child abuse and neglect : a technical package for policy, norm, and programmatic activities. Retrieved from https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/38864

‌Gallo, E. A. G., Munhoz, T. N., Loret de Mola, C., & Murray, J. (2018). Gender differences in the effects of childhood maltreatment on adult depression and anxiety: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Child Abuse & Neglect, 79, 107–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.01.003

Nelson, K. K., & Pritchard, A. C. (2016). Carrot or Stick? The Shift from Voluntary to Mandatory Disclosure of Risk Factors. Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, 13(2), 266–297. https://doi.org/10.1111/jels.12115

‌‌‌Syed, M., & McLean, K. C. (2017). Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/zf35d

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