Health and Wellbeing

Introduction to Mental Health in Australia

Mental health is the state of well-being in which person can productively act, think, respond, perform, and contributes toward his or her life. However, if the mental health of person is disturbed due to any stress, toxicity, or any other social issue then the person suffers from mental health disorder (Cook, 2019).According to the survey conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS), 45% Australian experienced mental disorder in year 2019 (Cook, 2019). The survey estimated that from 2017-2018 to 2019-2020, the mental health disorder increase by 2.6 %. The increase is due to an increase in the number of people suffering from anxiety related stress condition, depression, loneliness, and fear. The essay will demonstrate the status of mental disorder in Australia, role of governmental organisation and non-governmental organisation in addressing the mental health issue, and role of engaging community in preventing the mental health disorder in region.

An Overview of The Initiative, Why It Is Necessary and What It Hopes to Achieve

Mental illness refers to the state of person bind that is clinically diagnosed as unfit for performing the normal activities such as cognitive, emotional, social, and personnel (AIHW, 2018). Persons who might be mentally ill and their behaviour have the damaging effects on individuals, families, and society. The people suffering from mental health witness problem of isolation, discrimination, stigma, social determination, and negligence (WHO, 2016).

In 2017, World Health Organisation has recommended to celebrate 10th October as the international World Health Mental Day across the globe. The day is chosen for increasing awareness about global mental health education, awareness, advocacy, and prevention (WHO, 2019). The day also provides the opportunity for all the stakeholders to invest in mental health issues, discuss the possible outcome, and explore the reality of mental care. The world health mental day was formed on the basis of various objectives such as strengthen the effective leadership and governance initiative globally for the development of mental health. Provide, support and develop comprehensive, integrated, and responsive mental health in diseased community. Implement, incorporate, and provide sustainable strategies to increase promotion, prevention and awareness of mental health. Reduce the ill- practices on the mental disturb person such as social discrimination, physical and emotional stress creation, and negligence. Strengthen and support information system, innovation, research, and evidence for the mental disturb person.

Each of the above stated objectives needs to be fulfilled through the specific targets. These targets provide the basis of measurable collective action and achievements by the participated member country in the international forum. Moreover, on the periodic basis, the core indicators relating toward the targets are develop and were discussed through mental health projects (Who, 2017).

The Role of Government and Non-Government Agencies in Addressing Mental Health in Australia

Australian government provide mental health services through the implementation of health services portal. The mental health service in Australia states that in 2017-2018, close to 9.9 $ billion were spent on mental health and in 2018-2019, close to 4.3 million people received mental health related prescriptions (Mental Health Services, Australia, 2019).

In Australia, the government provides various mental health services in preventing the incidence of disease in the country. Some of the services include admitted patient care, residential care, speciality centre care, mental rehabilitation care community health care services, free consultation with the medical practitioners, and service of consultation with allied health service provider, general practitioners and many others. The government of Australia that include 5-year national mental health plans adopted the national mental health strategy. The plans help the government to implement measureable actions in treating mental-health related issues. Moreover, the Australian government has also developed various service centres to help the patient and community. Moreover, the government of Australia also implement the safe work policies. According to the policies, every employer must ensure the safe work principle in their organisation. The objective of the policy is to reduce the work pressure in the work organisation so as to prevent the person from mental illness (Safe Work Australia, 2018).

The government of Australia adopt the mental health and wellbeing policy to recognise and ensure the good mental health of its citizen. The policy emphasises the importance of promoting, developing, and ensuring the safe environments, relationships, and services to promote the good mental health in the country. The South Australia on Suicide Prevention plan 2017-2021 was developed recently. The motive of the plan is to reduce the suicidal number due to mental condition in the country. The plan works in collaboration with the various government health departments, non-government organisation, and other civil society collectively (Department of Health and Wellbeing, 2019).

Rose (2018) opined that Non-government organisation shows a great contribution in maintaining the mental health of the people. Mental health Australia is the non-government organisation that is responsible to represent and promote the interest of the Australian mental health sector. The organisation is committed towards the promotion of education, research, reformation, and awareness of mentally disturb communities or people (Rose, 2018 ). The services centre provided by the non-government includes consumers beliefs of mental health care, Medicare dependent mental health associated services, mental health services in public, private, semi-government hospital, state, territory, village community mental health care service, overnight mental hospital care and many more (Rose, 2018). KidsMatter is a good and productive program being adopted by various NGO to provide the people aware about the health promotion in Australian primary school. Lifeline Macarthur is a counselling NGO that help the patient, family, community, and society to learn about the crisis care need, health care training, resource allocations, and mental support requirement.

The Value of Engaging Community in Mental Health Initiatives Like Mental Health Week

In Australia, various communities are working effectively to reduce the mental health of the patient. They adopt the broad spectrum of mental health promotion and prevention. The priorities for the health promotion specifically include schools, public places, restaurants, and local societies.The work done through thecollaborationwith governmental organisation, mental health services, mental health consumer service provider, and health service centre. The project that are in actions includes mental health literacy, social isolation reduction services, prevention of suicide act, resource assess improvements, and mental health first aid. Mental health first aid is the literacy program that provides knowledge insight to the person in respect to mental treatment options (Population health promotion, 2017).Mind matters is another Australian secondary school that determines the ways to promote the wellness of the patient. Headspace is another wellness program being offered by the governmentfor the early intervention and diagnosis of the mental health of the youth. KidsMatter is a good and productive program being adopted by various NGO to provide the people aware about the health promotion in Australian primary school. Lifeline Macarthur is a counselling NGO that help the patient, family, community, and society to learn about the crisis care need, health care training, resource allocations, and mental support requirement.

Orygen is the national centre of excellence to protect Australian youth against mental disability. The Australian youth are more in focus and in danger zone that effect their mental status. The contributing factors include job satisfaction, income, living standard, bad lifestyle including smoking, alcoholism, and others. Moreover, more than half odthe Australian population comes in youth age and thus are more prone for the development of disease. Orygenprovide the higher education programmes, counselling programs and online interventions in relation to mental health promotion and policy maintenance. It also provides free and effective mental health promotion and prevention strategies to young people and college students such that they can adopt good practice of life (Orygen, 2017)

These programmes, activities, and .training show the valuable input in promoting the mental health of the individual in the society. Mental disability is the stage, where person is unable to think, behave and work. Thus at that time, there is need for the proper consultation, proper training, and proper lifestyle adoption. These can be achieved if the person, family, and community support him or her. The government, private organisation, and non-government organisation play a vital role in implementing, preparing acts, and making rules to encourage people to act and support.

Links to Theories and Concepts

Mental disorder is the complexetiologic condition that may be due to genetic or monogenetic risk factors (Hyman et al, 2015). It affects cognition, emotion, behaviour, thinking, and physical activityof the patient. The disease is due to early onset, high prevalence, impairment, persistence, and impairment factors that cause the major burden to the patient. Psychiatrist, doctor, mental health care provider, physician, and other health care provider promote the mental health awareness among individuals (Porca, 2015). The awareness programs can be used in schools, hospitals, public locality, coaching centre, and other public place. The increasing awareness is because of the fact that the mental disorder disturb the life of patient, family, friends, and community and thus there is a need to reflect the problem and ensures the adoption of safety tips (APA, 2015).The study conducted by Porca, (2015) shows that paradigm in health promotion, quantitative methodology adoption, subjective perspective, family oriented care, and extensive caring principles help in maintaining the mental health status of the person.

Mental illness refers to the state of person bind that is clinically diagnosed as unfit for performing the normal activities such as cognitive, emotional, social, and personnel (AIHW, 2018). Mental health recognised as the one of the priority care across the world that has been included in top list for the sustainable development goal (Dandona, 2020).The socio-cultural, social determination and demographic diversity across Australia are responsible for the burden of mental disease. The contributors are working with the funding organisation to implement the considerable procedures for reducing the mental disorder (Farrer et al, 2018).General practice has the boosting role in Australian healthcare system to provide the full accessibility of care, effective management approach, and considerable first aid for the preventing the mental health condition.

BEACH stands for bettering the evaluation and care of health program provide the strategy for the objective measurement, comprehensive care practices and guidance to the general care practitioner in Australia. Mental illness is the major health burden in Australia, that rank third after cancer and cardiovascular disease (Farrer et al, 2018). The health promotion, health maintenance and healthy lifestyle are some of the contributing factors for minting the mental health. The general practices have the potential role in providing service to their patients and manage the disease. Thus, to maintain the safety of the citizen of Australia, the government of Australia adopt the mental health and wellbeing policy to recognise and ensure the good mental health. The policy emphasises the importance of promoting, developing, and ensuring the safe environments, relationships, and services to promote the good mental health in the country.

The proper implementation, management, and ensuring the clinical practices help the country to aware the people about the mental health. Going forward, there may be many new acts, policies, and rules that can be adopted by the country to reduce the burden of disease.

Conclusion on Mental Health in Australia

From the above discussion, it can be concluded that person suffering from mental disease cannot be able to productively act, think, respond, perform, and contributes toward his or her life. These ill health conditions make the person feel distressed, lonely, stressed, and vulnerable. Thus, there is the increase need for the adoption of various health strategies that could help the patient reduce the tress. Many government and non-government organisation play an important role in implementing the measures and helping the society in saving the life of people suffering from mental illness. One of the measures taken by the international organisation is celebrating the day of mental health as “International mental health day”. This forwarding step help in increasing the awareness among people also provide the platform for considerable measures to be adopted from different country in promoting the health of society. With the successful incorporation of strategic measure, one can save and reduce the incidence of mental health among the community. Going forward, every citizens of the society must adopt the effective measure to do the productive job in saving the life and reducing the mental pressure.

References for Mental Health in Australia

AIHW.(2018). Mental health services. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/getmedia/0e102c2f-694b-4949-84fb-e5db1c941a58/aihw-hse-211.pdf.aspx?inline=true

APA (2015). Retrieved from https://www.orygen.org.au/Policy/Policy-Reports/Under-the-radar/Orygen-Under_the_radar_report

Cook, L. (2019). Mental health in Australia: A quick guide. Parliament of Australia, 1, 1-10.

Dandona, L. (2020). The burden of mental disorders across the states of India: the global burden of disease study 1990-2017. The Lancet, 7, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1016/ S2215-0366(19)30475-4

Department of Health and Wellbeing. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/about+us/department+for+health+and+wellbeing/mental+health+and+substance+abuse/policies+plans+and+standards+guiding+mental+health+services/policies+plans+and+standards+guiding+mental+health+services

Farrer, L., Walker, J., Harrison, C., & Banfield, M. (2018). Primary care access for mental illness in Australia: Patterns of access to general practice from 2006 to 2016. PLOSONE, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198400

Hymen, S., Chisholm, D., Kessler, R., Patel V.& Whiteford, H. (2015).Medical disorder. 1, 1-139.

Mental Health Australia (2018). Retrieved from https://1010.org.au/

Mental Health services, Australia, (2019). Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/mental-health-services/mental-health-services-in-australia/report-contents/summary-of-mental-health-services-in-australia

Orygen.(2017). Retrieved from https://www.orygen.org.au/Policy/Policy-Reports/Under-the-radar/Orygen-Under_the_radar_report

Population health promotion (2017). Retrieved from https://www.swslhd.health.nsw.gov.au/populationhealth/PH_Promotion/hltPop_mhPromotion.html

Porca, M., Gimeno, L., Marcos, A., & Santos, A. (2015). Family care of people with severe mental disorder: An integrative review. RevistaLatinoAmerican de Enfermagem, 23, 352-360

Rose, G., Hippel, C., Brener, L., & Hippel, B. (2018).Attitudes of people working in mental health non-governmental organisation in Australia: A comparison with other mental health professionals. Health Psychology, 3, 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177/2055102918765413

Safe work Australia (2018). Retrieved from https://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/topic/mental-health

WHO. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/mental_health/world-mental-health-day/en/

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