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Research is critically evaluated to identify strengths and limitations of the research. This process is known as research critique. In other words, it can be defined as a process of systematic research evaluation.
Importance of critique
The purpose of the research is to find whether the research is used for reference or not. It is because not all the researches are scientifically sound some of them have flaws as these may not be valid and may reflect biases. The critique helps in understanding the consistency of the methodology and design. It accesses outcomes and conclusions (Rudolph, Murphy & Zacher, 2020). It also reflects the quality, strengths and limitation of the research. The necessary element of the research critique is the series of questions that the person who critiques tries to find out in the research.
Summary of Article 1
Many cases of Middle East respiratory Syndrome increased in South Korea. MERS-coronavirus is an infectious disease that is spreading very fast. People infected with it experience respiratory problems, fever, dyspnoea, cough, vomiting and diarrhoea within 2 to 14 days. The average fatality rate of the increased and it created fear in the minds of the people. Nurses who treated the infected person were anxious and afraid because government confronted late information to the people. They experienced pressure due to ethical responsibility as they were obliged to take care of the patients putting their safety in danger. To understand the condition of the nurses a survey was conducted. It was identified that 22. 2 per cent of the nurses were suffering from the post-traumatic disorder. There is a need to establish a safety system for the nurses.
It is possible by examining nurses experience while assisting patients. Through analysis, it was found there are various kinds of experiencing challenges. The very first was to enter into a dangerous field by attending patients suffering from MERS-CoV. They have strong reasonability in their hand which cannot be avoided. It was even identified that many of the nurses felt exhausted wearing PPE kit for the entire day long and taking care of the patient. They were not even able to meet their family members as the impact of the virus was very strong. This is why nurses experienced loneliness (Kim, 2018). Another challenge was the stigma form of society. Nurses could not take help from the other department workers even in an urgent case. Nurses were not able to control their mind and were under extreme stress as many of the patients died in front of them and they could not help. This analysis helped in exposing problems of the health care system which needs to rectify so that in future outbreaks, diseases can be tackled easily.
Summary of Article 2
The world’s population is ageing day by day. Through research, it has been identified that Turkey will become the oldest city in the world by 2030. The rate of people ageing in the country has increased in the past years and is expected to increase in future. Thus, there was a need to find the reason which is having an impact on life expectancy because birth rates are decreasing. The walking exercise was found to impact the most and nobody ever tried to find the impact of walk on the elderly people health in turkey. Thus the study aimed to understand the impact of walking on elderly people as it is one of the exercises which positively impact and increase the life expectancy of the people. It was also identified from the study that walk does not only affect the quality of life but also affects the sleep cycles.
Elderly people were able to have more sound sleep than those who were not walking (Şekerci & Biçer, 2020). The. After conducting a trial of 71 elderly people residing in a nursing home. It was identified that elders who walk daily have a positive attitude towards life. The study conducted stated that it also increased the sleep quality of the people and decreased the wake time. Various parameters were measured in the study. Elder people before adapting to the walking program accepted the inevitability but later they were not ready to accept. It was also found that intimacy with friends, the family also increased. They were more actively engaged in social activities than before. It was found from the study that intimacy, past and future activities, anatomy and social participation increased whereas death and dying inevitability decreased. All this indicates that elderly people can increase their life expectancy by engaging at least 30 to 40 minutes a day walking.
Task 2: Critique
General credibility of the research process and conclusions
Yes, the process for research used in the article investigates the research aim. Since the research was based on a qualitative method thus there was no hypothesis in it. The findings of the research is credible according to the research aim (Yao, Qian, Zhu, Wang & Wang, 2020). Yes, the study is conducted in such a way that it demonstrates that a robust process has been taken. The study clearly states in the conclusion that there is a need to establish a health care system it also emphasises on developing strategies to protect nurses from physiological and physical stress.
The purpose of the study in the introduction is well explained and even the problem outlined in the research is proper (Dhanani, Beus & Joseph, 2018). The introduction of the research is well written it lays emphasis on the problem and also make the reader introspect the condition of the people in South Korea and the challenges faced by the care provider. It also explains why there is a need to investigate further in the field. The study is conducted to identify the experience of the nurses in providing care to the patients from middle east respiratory syndrome and how their experience can be used to establish and improve the health care system in Korea. This research aim is effectively stated in the study.
Background/ Literature Review
No, there is no in-depth review of the literature and this is why it cannot be stated that there is a need to outline current knowledge. A literature review is directly related to the research problem. The study lacked in conducting an integrated review (Nofal, Nicolaou, Symeonidou & Shane, 2018). The researcher highlights the current gap in the literature that the study does not emphasize on the nurse experiences and thus there is a need to study and find out how to establish a health care system.
Research design, methodology and method
Qualitative research is used for in the research study. The data collected for the study from the 12 nurses by conducting an in-depth interview to find out their experience while taking care of the infected patients. Each of the interviews lasted for more than 50 minutes. The participants were selected from four general hospitals. The average age of the nurses was 31.833. Qualitative research design in the study was appropriate although the researchers do not satisfy the reason for selected research design (Dhanani, Beus & Joseph, 2018). The research methods used in the research were adequately designed. The study clearly states that the snowball sampling method is used to recruit participants. The sampling strategy is consistent in selecting the participants.
The research study has been described in the research is ethical. The study was approved by the Review Board of researcher’s university. There were no risks associated with the participants thus steps to minimize the risk was not defined (Nofal, Nicolaou, Symeonidou & Shane, 2018). The author of the research assured that it has taken informed consent and will ensure the privacy of the data collected. In this research nurses belonged to the vulnerable group as they were providing care to infected patients, utmost care and attention were given to them. Their issues were identified and the solution was found to establish a safe health care system.
There is insufficient examination of the findings from the data analyses. Yes, they have found an answer to the research question but did not mention the strengths and weakness of the research. Yes, the researchers try to compare the findings with the other researches (Dhanani, Beus & Joseph, 2018). It also discusses how the study extends the current knowledge and provide a rationale for the other variations.
The study could not be generalised as the research conducted on the niche segment in South Korean. This research does not state any limitations; thus it cannot state that limitations were complete or others can be identified (Dhanani, Beus & Joseph, 2018). The limitation of the study is that the findings of the study exposed the national health care problems and challenges experienced by the nurses. Moreover, the participants were selected from only four general hospitals in the country. The participants form the rest of the hospitals must also be considered for the research.
Article 2 Citation
General credibility of the research process and conclusions
Yes, the research process used in the article investigates the research aim. There was no hypothesis in the study. The findings of the research produce a credible understanding of the research aim. Yes, the study is conducted in such a way that it demonstrates that a robust process has been taken. The study clearly states in the conclusion that walking increases life expectancy and also help in increasing sleep quality in elderly people.
The purpose of the study in the introduction is well explained and even the problem outlined in the research is proper. The introduction of the research is well written it emphasizes the fact that walking impacts the life of the elder people (Yang & Conroy, 2019). It also explains why there is a need to investigate further in the field. The research aim of the study was to identify the impact of a walking program on quality of life and sleep. This research aim is effectively stated in the study.
Background/ Literature Review
No, there is no thorough review of the literature and this is why it cannot be stated that there is a need to outline current knowledge. Moreover, the literature review part is not mentioned in the entire study. Some part of it can be seen in the discussion section where it is used for comparing the present study with the other researcher’s study to give an accurate result. The Literature review part in the discussion section is directly related to the research problem (Leese, Lidén & Nikolova, 2019). The study lacked in conducting an integrated review. The researcher does highlights the current gap in the literature that the study does not emphasize. It states that clinical trials related studies have been conducted but there is no study related to walking program in the nursing home of elderly people in Turkey.
Research Design & Methodology
Experimental research design is used in the research. Yes, the selected research design was most appropriate for the study. The researchers used parameters instead of theories to make the research effective. Yes, there is an adequate description of the research to permit replication of it (Yüksel, 2017). The research design used is most appropriate to investigate the research. Yes, the sampling method of the study is provided. Since the research was based on experimentation thus there is no need for qualitative or quantitative research. The data was conducted based on introductory form.
Ethical approval of the research study has been described in the research. The study was approved by the Review Board of researcher's university. There were no risks associated with the participants thus steps to minimize the risk was not defined. The author of the research assured that it has taken informed consent. The study was conducted by the Declaration of Helsinki.
The data analyses is done in adequately by examining the results. Yes, they have found an answer to the research question and also mentioned the weakness of the research that is the placebo effect. Yes, the researchers try to compare the findings with the other researches. It also discusses how the study extends the current knowledge and provide a rationale for the other variations.
The study cannot be generalised as the research conducted on a niche segment that is only in Turkey. The limitation of the study is that the control group which was selected does not conduct Placebo and thus placebo effect of elderly people could not be tested. This reduced the motivation level of all the people who were in the control group. This indicates that the research study has certain limitations. The limitations stated in the study were not complete and others can also be identified.
Dhanani, L. Y., Beus, J. M., & Joseph, D. L. (2018). Workplace discrimination: A meta‐analytic extension, critique, and future research agenda. Personnel Psychology, 71(2), 147-179.
Kim, Y. (2018). Nurses' experiences of care for patients with Middle East respiratory syndrome-coronavirus in South Korea. American journal of infection control, 46(7), 781-787.
Leese, M., Lidén, K., & Nikolova, B. (2019). Putting critique to work: Ethics in EU security research. Security Dialogue, 50(1), 59-76.
Nofal, A. M., Nicolaou, N., Symeonidou, N., & Shane, S. (2018). Biology and management: A review, critique, and research agenda. Journal of Management, 44(1), 7-31.
Rudolph, C. W., Murphy, L. D., & Zacher, H. (2020). A systematic review and critique of research on “healthy leadership”. The Leadership Quarterly, 31(1), 101335.
Şekerci, Y. G., & Biçer, E. K. (2020). The Effect of Walking Exercise on Quality of Life and Sleep in Elderly Individuals: Randomized Controlled Study. Turkish Journal of Geriatrics, 22(4).
Yang, C. H., & Conroy, D. E. (2019). Feasibility of an Outdoor Mindful Walking Program for Reducing Negative Affect in Older Adults. Journal of Aging & Physical Activity, 27(1).
Yao, T. T., Qian, J. D., Zhu, W. Y., Wang, Y., & Wang, G. Q. (2020). A systematic review of lopinavir therapy for SARS coronavirus and MERS coronavirus—A possible reference for coronavirus disease‐19 treatment option. Journal of medical virology, 92(6), 556-563.
Yüksel, A. (2017). A critique of “Response Bias” in the tourism, travel and hospitality research. Tourism Management, 59, 376-384.
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